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) What were the main issues confronting the rightly guided caliphs during the period of 632-661.B) To what extent were the caliphs successful dealing with issue and securing the future of Islam

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Introduction

A) What were the main issues confronting the rightly guided caliphs during the period of 632-661. B) To what extent were the caliphs successful dealing with issue and securing the future of Islam? A) After the death of the prophet, the city of medina and Mecca was under a form of chaos, as the Islamic empire were with out a leader to guide or to lead the people of Islam. Therefore the Muslim committee elected Abu Bakr, as he was the closest companion of the prophet, and so become the first caliphate, also known as 'The Rightly Guided Caliphs' because a caliph is someone who truly followed the footsteps of the prophet. Abu Bakr's first dilemma as a caliph was the dismemberment of the alliances of the following kingdoms 'Yemen' and 'Oman'. Also the false revelations of new prophets seemed to emerge through out of Arabia. To deal with this problem Abu Bakr had no choice but to send out the Muslim armies to conquer the following kingdoms and also destroy any allegations of prophet hood. These problems were dealt swift and quick, and in two years the whole of Arabia was united by one signal Caliph by the year 633 AC. The final internal problem that Abu Bakr had to deal with was the creation of the written Qur'an, it took about two years for the holly verses scathed through out Mecca and Medina to be united and be created into one book. ...read more.

Middle

Under Uthman's order the first ever naval based was formed solely to protect the sea's of Egypt. Uthman dealt with affair of destroying all the false Qur'an that started to circulate through out the empire, and the allowing Uthman to distribute of the copies of the original Qur'an across the empire. All these affairs were dealt in the first six years of uthman's caliphate, which was not major until the second half of Uthman's region were the beginning of rebellions began. Uthman's downfall began when he started to appoint his own members of clan's men to govern certain parts of the empire which caused conflicts amongst the Arabs who were more entitled to a higher point of status then most of Uthamn's family. Failing to silence the rebellion, in the year 656 CE, Uthman was murder by rebels who entered his house and stabbed him to death. By the year of 656 CE, the only true member of Caliphate was Ali. Ali would be the final member of the 'The Rightly Guided Caliph,' and therefore the committee had no choice but to select Ali as the next Caliphate. Ali failed to capture the assassins of Uthman and caused Muawiya (Uthman's nephew) to reject Ali as the Caliph causing civil war in the empire to break out causing the Muslim armies to stop the expansion and join the civil war between Muawiya and Ali. ...read more.

Conclusion

the empire at much leant, bring vast amount of wealth, and also Uthman dealt with the affair of destroying the false Qur'an that has been circulated. The Second half Uthman's region problems started to began when it is said that Uthamn began to be influenced by his own member of family to allow his own members of clan to have governshipe of the powerful conquered lands, this caused rebellion through out Arabia, and so this lead to the assassination of Uthamn. The final rightly guided caliph remained was Ali, Ali in my point of view is remembered more as a religious figure then a military leader, but yet Ali had no choice but intervene with Mu'awiya in battles to secure his caliphate as Mu'awiya would not recognise him as a caliph until the assassins of his uncle Uthman brought to justice, but the assassins where mostly made of Ali's supporters. You could argue the fact that Ali could not expand the empire as the other three caliphs but regardless he did intervene as a caliph to make changes to the rules of taxing and the revenues. Ali out of all the other caliphs had pressing matter to deal with the instance he became a caliph, and these pressing mater affects now in our time then at Ali's time, as because of Ali's events of becoming a caliph the Islamic world was divided into two, shi'a and sunnis. ?? ?? ?? ?? Mohammed Kayum ...read more.

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