• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

) What were the main issues confronting the rightly guided caliphs during the period of 632-661.B) To what extent were the caliphs successful dealing with issue and securing the future of Islam

Extracts from this document...


A) What were the main issues confronting the rightly guided caliphs during the period of 632-661. B) To what extent were the caliphs successful dealing with issue and securing the future of Islam? A) After the death of the prophet, the city of medina and Mecca was under a form of chaos, as the Islamic empire were with out a leader to guide or to lead the people of Islam. Therefore the Muslim committee elected Abu Bakr, as he was the closest companion of the prophet, and so become the first caliphate, also known as 'The Rightly Guided Caliphs' because a caliph is someone who truly followed the footsteps of the prophet. Abu Bakr's first dilemma as a caliph was the dismemberment of the alliances of the following kingdoms 'Yemen' and 'Oman'. Also the false revelations of new prophets seemed to emerge through out of Arabia. To deal with this problem Abu Bakr had no choice but to send out the Muslim armies to conquer the following kingdoms and also destroy any allegations of prophet hood. These problems were dealt swift and quick, and in two years the whole of Arabia was united by one signal Caliph by the year 633 AC. The final internal problem that Abu Bakr had to deal with was the creation of the written Qur'an, it took about two years for the holly verses scathed through out Mecca and Medina to be united and be created into one book. ...read more.


Under Uthman's order the first ever naval based was formed solely to protect the sea's of Egypt. Uthman dealt with affair of destroying all the false Qur'an that started to circulate through out the empire, and the allowing Uthman to distribute of the copies of the original Qur'an across the empire. All these affairs were dealt in the first six years of uthman's caliphate, which was not major until the second half of Uthman's region were the beginning of rebellions began. Uthman's downfall began when he started to appoint his own members of clan's men to govern certain parts of the empire which caused conflicts amongst the Arabs who were more entitled to a higher point of status then most of Uthamn's family. Failing to silence the rebellion, in the year 656 CE, Uthman was murder by rebels who entered his house and stabbed him to death. By the year of 656 CE, the only true member of Caliphate was Ali. Ali would be the final member of the 'The Rightly Guided Caliph,' and therefore the committee had no choice but to select Ali as the next Caliphate. Ali failed to capture the assassins of Uthman and caused Muawiya (Uthman's nephew) to reject Ali as the Caliph causing civil war in the empire to break out causing the Muslim armies to stop the expansion and join the civil war between Muawiya and Ali. ...read more.


the empire at much leant, bring vast amount of wealth, and also Uthman dealt with the affair of destroying the false Qur'an that has been circulated. The Second half Uthman's region problems started to began when it is said that Uthamn began to be influenced by his own member of family to allow his own members of clan to have governshipe of the powerful conquered lands, this caused rebellion through out Arabia, and so this lead to the assassination of Uthamn. The final rightly guided caliph remained was Ali, Ali in my point of view is remembered more as a religious figure then a military leader, but yet Ali had no choice but intervene with Mu'awiya in battles to secure his caliphate as Mu'awiya would not recognise him as a caliph until the assassins of his uncle Uthman brought to justice, but the assassins where mostly made of Ali's supporters. You could argue the fact that Ali could not expand the empire as the other three caliphs but regardless he did intervene as a caliph to make changes to the rules of taxing and the revenues. Ali out of all the other caliphs had pressing matter to deal with the instance he became a caliph, and these pressing mater affects now in our time then at Ali's time, as because of Ali's events of becoming a caliph the Islamic world was divided into two, shi'a and sunnis. ?? ?? ?? ?? Mohammed Kayum ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Islam section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Islam essays

  1. Life after death - Islam and Christianity

    Pontius Pilate and buried; On the third day he rose from the dead, Ascended into heaven, And sitteth at the right hand of the Farther, From whence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead; And in the Holy Ghost; The holy church; The remission of sins; And the resurrection of the dead.

  2. Some westerners think Muslim women do not receive equal treatment with men. In fact, ...

    and I have come to seek your advice." He said, "Then remains in your mother's service, because Paradise is under her feet." The Prophet's followers accepted his teachings and brought about a revolution in their social attitude towards women. They no longer considered women as mere chattels, but as an integral part of society.

  1. sufism is the heart of islam

    is thought of in elevated significance but yet none single-handedly can fit the true hearts of Islam. All either must be combined totally in order to allow the heart of Islam to be formulated or there is something that is of even greater importance, which is veiled yet.

  2. How Islam responds to issues about Equality

    have been lost` The verse meant that a new society would be built with no racism and equality at its base such as justice and equal opportunity. No one is Islam should ever be judged by his skin, colour or any part of his physical appearance or origin whatsoever.

  1. How Islam responds to Relationships

    of these joined together in the act of marriage is what makes a family work well. Due to the differences and qualities, men and women have different responsibilities to their children and to each other. These responsibilities are in no terms biased against women, the responsibilities laid upon the parents are balanced and equally as important to one another.

  2. UMARIt was the year of the famine. Umar took pains to ensure that adequate ...

    As the children ate to their fill and were satisfied they smiled the smile of happiness. Seeing the destitute children smile Umar also felt happy. Umar enquired of the lady whether there was none to support. She said that the father of the children had died, and there was no body to support.

  1. Imam Abu Hanifah (ra)The book Qamoos al-alam states: Al-Imam al-azam Abu Hanifa's name was ...

    And another one states: "In every century, a number of my Ummah will attain to high grades. Abu Hanifa will be the highest of his time." These three Ahadith are written in the book Mawdua'at al-'Uloom and in Durr-al-mukhtaar. This hadith ash-Sharif is also well known: "Among my Ummah, a man called Abu Hanifa will appear.

  2. What were the main issues confronting the rightly guided caliphs during the period 632-661 ...

    Abu bakr also collected and completed all the verses of the Qur'an On his deathbed in 634 AC, Abu bakr appointed Umar b al-khattab as his successor. 'Umar was born into a respected Quraish family. When he grew up, Umar was proficient in this branch of knowledge as well as in swordsmanship, wrestling and the art of speaking.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work