• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With reference to other aspects of human experience, explore the claim that Natural Law theory is irrelevant. Justify your answer.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐With reference to other aspects of human experience, explore the claim that Natural Law theory is irrelevant. Justify your answer. [15] Natural Law is becoming more irrelevant due to our secular culture. Natural Law depends on the belief that the world was designed by a creator, and that morality is absolute according to his standards. Aquinas assumes that all men must seek to worship God. What about an atheist? According to Thompson, if someone does not believe in God, then ?the natural law theory loses its foundation.? Furthermore, in today?s society natural law has largely been replaced by utilitarianism, the belief that our moral choices are less absolute and should be based on creating the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people. ...read more.

Middle

He wrote with regard to natural law, ?The use of the term ?being with a rational nature? is very broad, perhaps too broad.? Even the Pope has recently condoned the breaking of natural law in extreme circumstances. Pope Francis has indicated that women exposed to the Zika virus may be permitted to use contraception to avoid pregnancy, in a departure from Catholic teaching. His comments came as women in South America frantically try to terminate pregnancies for fear of giving birth to babies with microcephaly, which gives them unusually small heads. He said that unlike abortion, ?avoiding pregnancy is not an absolute evil? and in certain circumstances it may be ?the lesser evil?. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some believe that God has implanted the natural law as a form of moral instinct. For example, the writer Johannes Teutonicus said that the natural law of men is based on an, ?instinct proceeding from reason.? Therefore even if one is an atheist you cannot escape the urge to follow natural law based on your conscience. Finally, Natural Law continues to be central to Catholic teaching. Early teachers such as Aquinas supported it and so do modern day clergy. The RCC believes that everyone is subject to it from birth (natio), because it contains only those duties which are derivable from human nature itself, and because, absolutely speaking, its essentials can be grasped by the unaided light of human reason. Just recently in March 2015 Archbishop Salvatore Cordileone of San Francisco has invoked the natural law in stressing the moral unacceptability of gay sex and gay marriage. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Evaluate the claim that conscience is the voice of God

    However to an extent people can use Butler's approach and understanding of the conscience to justify almost any action, but it is important to note that Butler believed that people will know intuitively what is the right thing to do in every situation and therefore not every action could be justified and mistakes can not be made.

  2. Essay on Law vs. Justice

    Many cases in America show us examples of the delicate balance between ethical and unethical decisions that can affect the entire complexion of business. There are many cases and situations in which unethical practices are revealed. Not always are these practices necessarily illegal, but they often are.

  1. Natural Law

    Another criticism of Natural Law is that humanity has several purposes in life to fulfil and Natural Law does not allow for one purpose to be sacrificed in order to fulfil another, it only advises the use of reason determining what would be the best answer.

  2. Religious Studies - Ethics: Natural Moral Law

    Natural Moral Law's strengths lie in its absolutist deontological view of morality as its principles are universally understandable and therefore ease the process of making moral decisions and determining what is right and wrong. Natural Law provides justification for certain ideas that are recognisable in modern times, such as

  1. Examine what is meant by natural law with reference to morality and analyse and ...

    Natural moral law, unlike many other ethical theories offers just one clearly defined universal rule: "an action is right or wrong in itself, without reference to the consequences". Therefore, the theory is not a consequentialist philosophy. This means that it does not look towards the final consequences, but breaks the

  2. Explain, with examples, Aquinas theory of Natural Law.

    However, it is questionable whether there is a single ?one size fits all? human nature and whether day to day rules can be deduced from fundamental laws.

  1. Natural Moral Law - in theory and in practice.

    It attempts to establish a law which can be accessed by all and was the foundation for human rights. Many find it an attractive in a relativist era suffering a breakdown of traditional social structures and moral certainty. However in a modern society where many people are no longer religious

  2. With reference to the topic of abortion , examine and comment on the controversies, ...

    It is argued that Vitalism makes life too absolute, so it becomes an idol of worship. Stanley Hauerwas disputed that the Church permits the taking of life when the well being of others is at risk. ?Appeals to the sanctity of life as an ideology make it appear that Christians

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work