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With Reference to other aspects of Human Experience explore the claim that there will always be conflict between Religion and State.

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Introduction

With Reference to other aspects of Human Experience explore the claim that there will always be conflict between Religion and State. On the one hand, I believe the above statement to be true, as events in history have shown the ineffaceable negative impact conflict has had on human experience. From as early as the time of Jesus, there has been much controversy, between religion and state, and even between religious beliefs. Jesus was known for his conflict with the religious leaders of his time, the Pharisees and the Sadducees because of their specific beliefs and traditions and minute regulations that needed to be strictly adhered to. Biblical texts show much evidence of conflict between Religion and State. In the Old Testament, a very well known example of this conflict was that between the people of Israel, and their oppression from the political rule of the Egyptians. This resulted in the establishment of the first covenant between God and the Jewish nation. "So Moses said, "This is what the Lord says: 'About midnight I will go throughout Egypt. Every firstborn son in Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sits on the throne, to the firstborn son of the slave girl, who is at her hand mill and all the firstborn of the cattle as well. ...read more.

Middle

The years 1970-1972 saw an explosion of political violence in Northern Ireland, peaking in 1972, when nearly 500 people, just over half of them civilians, lost their lives. It was the year which saw the greatest loss of life throughout the entire conflict. The Provisional IRA formed in early 1970, soon established itself as more aggressive and militant in responding to attacks on the nationalist community, who saw the Provisional IRA as their "defenders". Despite the increasingly reformist and Marxist politics of the Official IRA, they began their own armed campaign in reaction to the ongoing violence. In Omagh, on the 15th of August 1998, the RIRA were suspected of planting a car bomb which left 29 dead and up to 300 injured. BBC News stated that those "who survived the car bomb blast in a busy shopping area of the town described scenes of utter carnage with the dead and dying strewn across the street and other victims screaming for help." The Provisional I.R.A's offensive campaign began in early 1971 when the Army Council sanctioned attacks on the British Army. In 1972, the Provisional IRA killed approximately 100 soldiers, wounded 500 more and carried out approximately 1,300 bombings mostly against commercial targets. Between 1971 and 1975, 1,981 people were detained; 1,874 were Catholic or republican, while 107 were Protestant or loyalist. ...read more.

Conclusion

Corrymeela also seeks to offer a language around relationships and reconciliations which can be applied to politics, conflict transformation, and faith. "The tragedies of the past have left a deep and profoundly regrettable legacy of suffering. We must never forget those who have died or been injured, and their families. But we can best honour them through a fresh start, in which we firmly dedicate ourselves to the achievement of reconciliation, tolerance, and mutual trust, and to the protection and vindication of the human rights of all." This is a quote from the Good Friday Agreement, which was set up in light of the Troubles in Northern Ireland, in which a new and fresh start is promised, so that the past will stay in the past, but never be forgotten. In conclusion, I think that this, the notion that there will always be conflict between religion and state can be clearly expressed through Jesus' words as found in the parable of the Good Samaritan. When asked "How is my neighbor?" Jesus replies, "Which of these three do you think was a neighbour to the man who fell into the hands of robbers?" and the expert of the law replied "The one who had mercy on him". Jesus finished this teaching by saying "Go and do likewise." Therefore, we should all, as followers of Jesus, 'go and do likewise' as that is what Jesus taught. ...read more.

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