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With reference to other aspects of human experience, explore the view that the principle of the sanctity of human life cannot be questioned. Justify your answer.

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Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐With reference to other aspects of human experience, explore the view that the principle of the sanctity of human life cannot be questioned. Justify your answer. We must consider the implications for medical and bio-ethics if such a principle is disregarded. This is the slippery slope argument ? that once we disregard the intrinsic value of human life with regards to the unborn, others will follow. For example, people worry that if voluntary euthanasia were to be made legal, it would not be long before involuntary euthanasia would start to happen. Using a historical example, Hitler?s persecution of the Jews was a gradual slippery slope as opposed to a sudden purge; what started out as discrimination slowly turned into genocide. We should take this as a warning of what could happen if we do not value the sanctity of life. ...read more.

Middle

exempts one from the duty to the lower ones (fellow humans or, still lower, property). Divine Command Theory is an absolutist meta-ethical theory that an act is obligatory if (and only if) it is commanded by God (William of Ockham argued that if God had commanded murder, then murder would indeed have been morally obligatory). Sometimes, Moral Absolutism can mean the more extreme position that actions are moral or immoral even regardless of the circumstances in which they occur (e.g. abortion is always be immoral, even if done to promote some other good, such as to save a life). Therefore, because God commands us to respect life, it must be absolutely true. Secular ethicists such as Singer do not believe in the sanctity of life. Peter Singer argues that utilitarianism (promotes happiness and avoids pain) gives direct reason why a person?s life is respected according to his/her preference to live or die. ...read more.

Conclusion

According to the 2011 UK Census, those of no religion are the second largest belief group, about three and a half times as many as all the non-Christian religions put together ? at 26.13% of the population. Secular thinkers such as Dawkins would argue that quality of life is more important than sanctity of life. QOL suggests that the value of life is to do with outside factors ? extrinsic factors such as the desire to live and the right to die. QOL removes the absoluteness of life and believes that people have the right to die when they wish. There is no point in intrinsically protecting human life if the life is not worth living, like in the case of paralysis. Finally, utilitarians believe that their actions should lead to the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people. Therefore, if finding a cure for a certain disease involves killing embryos, it will still produce the greatest overall happiness if the embryos die. ...read more.

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