• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With reference to the life and work of Martin Buber describe and explain this contribution to Mysticism and religious experience.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked With reference to the life and work of Martin Buber ? describe and explain this contribution to Mysticism and religious experience. (35) Mysticism is an aspect of religious experience that is little understood. This term has been used to describe experiences that reveal spiritual recognition of truths beyond normal understanding, from the mildly ecstatic to the occult. It has been said that there are certain features which accompany such experiences which enable their recognition, such as a sense of freedom from the limitations of time, space and the human ego. Believers may also experience a sense of ?oneness? or unity with God, accompanied with bliss and serenity. Mysticism is seen as the closest a human being can ever come to actually meeting God in this life. Mystical experiences can also be classified into two areas: extrovertive, where one experiences unity in the world through the physical senses and introvertive, where the person loses their identity as a separate individual and slowly merges into the divine unity. A key extrovertive mystic is Martin Buber. ...read more.

Middle

Buber understood that unless there was a meeting of minds, mutual respect and sensitivity, there would be no peace. He admired the corporate sharing of the Kibbutz but felt that the denial of God made it prone to failure. Buber believed that only God could bring peace amongst the nations, societies and families. People must recognise God (the Eternal Thou) in each other. This compliments the Jewish Shema ? ?Love God with all your heart, mind and strength and love your neighbour as you love yourself.? Buber was also a Hasidist; this was a Jewish separatist movement which had strong emphasis on worship, scriptural study and living a simple life in community. Buber however later abandoned any kind of extremism since he believed that very few in the movement wished to live out the religious principles of love and compassion alongside what had become a political aim. His influence extends beyond theology to the wider field of humanities: social psychology, social philosophy and religious existentialism. Buber realised that God extends beyond the political and national. ...read more.

Conclusion

The link between human-human association and divine-human association takes place on three levels: First, the relation between human beings is seen as a model for the relation to God. Second, we only arrive at the encounter with God through our encounters with human beings. And third, our encounter with God improves our relations with human beings. To quote Buber, ?The world is not comprehensible, but it is embraceable: through the embracing of one of its beings.? Buber opposes all movements, philosophical and otherwise, which attempt to understand our relationship with God as anything other than a conversation between two active participants. Most fervently, however, he opposes the Enlightenment philosophers who seek to turn God into an abstract principle, the Romantic philosophers who sought to turn God into nature, and the 19th century atheists, such as Nietzsche and Marx, who sought to prove that God is nothing but a sad delusion. Overall, Buber was an incredible scholar whose contribution to mysticism and religious experience has been immense. To quote him, ?When I meet a man, I am not concerned about his opinions, I am concerned about the man; I think that no human being can give more than this, making life possible for the other if only for a moment.? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. In what ways may suffering create philosophical problems for religious believers? Outline two solutions ...

    Hell is portrayed by Augustine as part of God's design of the universe, which means He must already have anticipated that the world would go wrong and have accepted that this would happen. This raises various problems that if God knew His world was going to go wrong, can we still regard His creation as perfect?

  2. Synoptic Study, Satre, Engels and Marx

    A person could not say he was a brave person with out comparing himself to some one else. No one can define them self as anything we out a reference to another person. This is known as Inter subjectivity and though it we can find value in other humans (I

  1. Compare and Contrast the Philisophical Contributions of Nietzsche and Mill to our understanding of ...

    like an over protective parent, as for Mill, this does nothing but prevent the development of fully mature adults. Mill's argument primarily questions what is the rightful limit to the sovereignty of the individual over himself? And how much of human life should be assigned to individuality, and how much to society?

  2. Discuss the suggestion that it is pointless to analyse religious experience

    Private - Private sensations expressible through normal language (e.g a dream) Private - Private sensations not describable (e.g a mystical experience) Private - a non-specific, general feeling of God working in one's life. An encounter with the "holy" Seek to give what is essentially inexpressible, a categorisable and defined language.

  1. Conocer es Ignorar

    Cada vez �l hac�a algo mal. Primero se quem�, luego inhalo el humo, quem� su comida, quem� su cueva. Luego, despu�s de llevar el fuego al exterior, quem� el bosque. Con el conocimiento viene el poder, dicen. El conocimiento es importante, pero casi inmediatamente de relieve la necesidad de saber qu� hacer con ese conocimiento.

  2. Plato and Nietzsche on Authority

    They would not even necessarily be searching for the truth. These 'new philosophers' are the Ubermensch - and coupled with this 'think outside the box' attitude, they have a strong Will to Power, which makes them the perfect leader. They crave solitude, when independence is not necessary or normally preferred,

  1. Explain what a study of Religious Experience may reveal about the nature of God. ...

    When someone experiences this new experience which is beyond an adequate description, it supports His transcendent nature. Human language and experience is limited and different to the transcendent world. Another characteristic from James of a religious experience would be ?Noetic?.

  2. Evaluate the claim that corporate religious experience is no more than an illusion

    Holy Spirit being poured out on them, and represent a ?new move? of God. Sceptics on the other hand would argue that these experiences are due to mass hysteria or hypnotism at the hands of charming pastors who might, unbeknown to the flock, be hypnotising them through the use of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work