• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

With use of an example from applied ethics, analyse and evaluate the role of reason in coming to ethical judgement.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐With use of an example from applied ethics, analyse and evaluate the role of reason in coming to ethical judgement. Throughout the history of mankind, many philosophers have argued that reason is essential in determining what is moral. Ancient Greeks, Plato and Aristotle, have been arguing this point thousands of years ago, and Immanuel Kant, who was fascinated by how logic and mathematics, are universal, as whenever they would be applied they would always produce the same result, would have argued that reason is essential in understanding and determining what is moral. Kant?s understanding of ethics is that a person is regarded moral only if he is guided by genuinely moral principles and acts according to the duties, these maxims confer on him. ...read more.

Middle

Lennie is not intelligent, extremely strong and very childish. At one point in the book Lennie is let to stroke a girl?s hair. Suddenly the girl, who let him do it, starts screaming because Lennie started to stroke her hair too hard. Lennie panics and accidently kills the girl. While the action is clearly immoral, Lennie had only best intentions, a ?good will? if we can say so. Yet his maxims let him to commit a murder. And even though this action (stroking hair) does pass through Kant?s scheme of identifying a ?genuinly moral principle? ? it is nice to stroke someone?s hair, with having best intentions and willing everyone to do so. But when Lennie acts according to it, he commits a murder. ...read more.

Conclusion

Kant?s theory prohibits that kind of interference; as to judge what is moral, one has to possess intelligence. So if we stick to Kant?s theory, we would conclude that, one has to be naturally intelligent to be moral. Overall both theories produce a viable account on the fact that Lennie?s actions are immoral, however Kant?s theory made me believe that something like stroking hair can be a genuinely moral principle, and if then it leads to a murder, would it then be a moral thing to do? This shows a flaw in Kant?s theory. Virtue Ethics produces a plausible account, that Lennie?s actions weren?t moral to start with, and the absence of reason only led to consequences being even worse, however it does not leave any possibility to someone lacking reason to be moral, without any outside interference. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Practical Questions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Practical Questions essays

  1. Business Ethics

    Objectivity is a trait which requires accountants to be fair, unprejudiced and not influenced by any party (except by the code of ethics) in their assessment. As such, objectivity demands accountants to be cautious, thorough and careful in carrying out their duties and not be seen as to compromise their

  2. Examine what is meant by natural law with reference to morality and analyse and ...

    Eternal law is the order which is in the mind of God, and which forms the whole structure of the universe with its purposes. This is God's will and wisdom. Divine law is the law, which is given to people from God through the Bible and through the teaching of the Church.

  1. Kantian Ethics and Universal Maxims

    others are telling the truth; so the success of a lie depends on there not being a 'universal law' permitting it. Kant argues that it is never right to treat people as mere means to an end. We are always ends in ourselves, and because of this we are all holy.

  2. A Role of the Environmental Ethics in the modern society.

    for Life and Environment, it is focused more on international sustainable development. The 1990s began with the establishment of the International Society for Environmental Ethics, which was founded largely through the efforts of Laura Westra and Holmes Rolston, III. It now has members throughout the world.

  1. The Ethical Debate Concerning Cloning.

    The benefits may not be as great, but if there is even one couple who longs for a child genetically identical to themselves, there will be someone who will be willing to try the procedure. Much of the literature that has been published on the subject of reproductive biotechnologies addresses

  2. Modern life-prolonging technologies have sharpened some ancient dilemmas on the value of life.

    are equal, and that among equal infinities some are proper subsets of others. This is not a mere technicality. Josiah Royce, for example, wanted to say that the human spirit was "infinite" but nevertheless inferior to the spirit of God.

  1. Capital Punishment - analyse the views of Ernest van den Haag and Hugo Adam ...

    Bedau offers a different perspective. According to Bedau, the death penalty is a ?poor man?s justice? (pg. 375). Both opponents and supporters of the death penalty agree that capital punishment should be practiced fairly, equally and evenly and that it is a fundamental dictate of justice.

  2. Explain Kants understanding of universal maxims. Can they be applied to Euthanasia?

    However it is no desires or needs. ?I ought to do such and such? e.g. ?I ought to tell the truth? becomes ?I should tell the truth? which becomes ?I will tell the truth?. There are three principles of the categorical imperative: 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work