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Write a critical analysis of the extract (Christian and Hopeful’s escape from Doubting Castle) discussing the characteristic features of Bunyan’s Style.

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Introduction

Write a critical analysis of the extract (Christian and Hopeful's escape from Doubting Castle) discussing the characteristic features of Bunyan's Style. Bunyan uses allegory and symbolism throughout Part one. This symbolism is used very effectively in this extract; we can see the powerful images that relate to the spiritual nature of the characters. Doubt is powerful and Bunyan emphasises the danger and trappings of doubt through dramatic phraseology and strong physical images: 'A very dark Dungeon, nasty and stinking to the Spirit of these two men.' Bunyan's dramatization of these events reflects also on the escape from the castle. Bunyan epitomises the ultimate despair in order to generate the joy and delight produced in the escape. This allows the reader to view the hope and joy that is present in the promises of God: 'there to condole their misery, and to mourn under their distress.' 'And the door flew open with ease, and Christian and Hopeful both came out...' ...read more.

Middle

Bunyan uses imagery to create Giant Despair, 'a large and imposing figure' this has the effect of showing the powerful and controlling nature of doubt. However Bunyan also recreates the image of the giant to facilitate the ideas and concepts he wishes. As the escape progresses the reader sees that the large and powerful image is not all that is seems and indeed it eventually leads to its own downfall. Bunyan uses this situation to warn and encourage the reader. It allows them to see that even though trials engulf they never actually succeed. 'Giant Despair, who, hastily rising to pursue his prisoners, felt his limbs to fail, for his fits took him again, so he could by no means go after them.' Bunyan uses the Giant's wife, Mrs Diffidence, to show the lack of direction that doubt has. It is created by the person and has no power. This has the effect of showing the reader that there is nothing that is worth doubt - it is a formality and should be regarded as such. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hopeful relates the experience of doubting castle to some of the earlier events in the book such as; the meeting with Apollyon and the valley of the Shadow of death. This has the effect of providing a link between the episodes of the dream, it helps to emphasise the representation of a journey and creates a development within the characters. Bunyan combines many different techniques and forms in the extract but the most effective of these is the dialogue between the pilgrims and also between their tormentors. 'Then, with a grim and surly voice, he bid them awake; and asked them whence they were, and what they did in his grounds. They told him they were pilgrims, and that they had lost their way.' This speech allows the reader to be aware of the characters thoughts and emotions; and to immediately identify the characters' motives. This also has the effect of furthering Bunyan's didactic purpose. The combination of the many effects within The Pilgrim's Progress allows it to be enjoyable to all and make it still appreciated from a literary perspective. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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