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Access Human Biology Level 3 Module Assignment - A nomogram can be used to estimate the energy requirements of a certain age and sex depending on the nomogram used, but you need to know their body mass and Pal.

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Introduction

Access Human Biology Level 3 Module Assignment A nomogram can be used to estimate the energy requirements of a certain age and sex depending on the nomogram used, but you need to know their body mass and Pal. Using a nomogram that I was given for boys aged 10 to 18 years old I will estimate the energy requirements for a boy with: A mass of 60kg and PAL of 1.4 the boy would need 10mj day-1 A mass of 40kg and PAL of 1.8 the boy would need 10.2mj day-1 The relationship between physical activity and energy requirements is that the more physically active a person is then they need more energy. This is because the more physically active a person is the more energy needed by the muscles to function correctly. The relationship between body mass and energy requirements is that the more body mass a person has then the more energy-required daily. This relationship is because the more body mass a person has then the more energy required to move the body mass. ...read more.

Middle

A list of they types of food that should be included in a vegan diet is: Protein Carbohydrates Fats Vitamins Minerals Wholegrains e.g. pasta Wholegrains Nuts A e.g. carrots Calcium: Nuts e.g. hazel Pulses Seeds (& their oils) B e.g. nuts Nuts / Seeds Seeds e.g. sesame Potatoes Vegan margarine B12 e.g. Soya milk Pulses / Dried fruit Pulses e.g. peas Fresh fruit Avocados C e.g. citrus fruit Iron: Parsley / Soya products e.g. Soya milk Dried fruit D e.g. some Soya milk Nuts / Pulses / E e.g. seeds Sea vegetables A study in Holland during the Second World War showed that nuns were particularly susceptible to osteomalacia, this was due to poor diets during the war causing them to be susceptible to osteomalacia. The group of people at present in the UK that are most at risk from rickets and osteomalacia are both young children and the older adults (old people how have poor diets). A survey compiled on the British population shows that the requirements for nutrients, such as iron, show a normal distribution. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is also used in the production of hormones and enzymes. Poor healing of the wounds, muscle wasting causing loss of power, oedema due to change in osmotic pressure resultant upon loss of plasma proteins. Increased vulnerability to a cold environment and possible infection. Many old people die of hypothermia due to lack of protein. Minerals: Sodium & Chlorine Table salt/ bacon/ kippers Maintains the balance of fluids in the body. It is necessary for the transition of nerve impulses and contraction of muscle. Lack of these minerals from the body will cause hypertension, muscle cramp, weakness and collapse. Vitamins: Vitamin B12 (water soluble) Liver/ kidney/ milk/ eggs/ cheese Necessary for the formation of red blood cells in bone marrow. Also it is involved in the protein metabolism. The red blood cells do not mature, they are less efficient and are more without difficulty destroyed. Vitamin K (fat soluble) Green leafy vegetables e.g. spinach / kale/ nettles/ cauliflower/ cereals/ liver/ fruit This is essential for the clotting of the blood. Unknown to health, but people have a tendency to bleed to death. ...read more.

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