• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Are GMO's a threat CASE STUDY

Extracts from this document...


Are GMO's the greatest threat to humans and animals? Contents Page [1] Introduction 3 [2] Scientific Knowledge 3 [2.1] What are GMO's 3 [2.2] How are GMO's Used 3 [2.3] The Process Involved 3 [3] Evidence [3.1] For and Against Arguments/Views 4 [3.1.1] Potential Benefits 5 [3.1.2] Potential Negative Effects 6 [3.2] Golden Rice Discussion 7 [3.3] Reliability 8 [4] Conclusion 8 [5] Suggestions/Recommendations 8 [6] Bibliography 9 Chapter 1: Introduction This case study is about if GMO's are the greatest threat to humans and animals it gives clear explanations and illustrations detailing what GMO's are all about. Firstly it explains the uses and process involved with GMO's. Secondly, it outlines whether GMO's pose a threat to animals and humans. Finally, the concluding remarks with my opinions would be forwarded, giving some possible suggestions or recommendations. Chapter 2: Scientific Knowledge [2.1] What are GMO's GMO's are Genetically Modified Organisms allow genes to be manipulated, altered and transferred from organism to organism (even to transform DNA itself). Of course, this requires a lot of skill and precision. This is often for animal and plant products that are either short of supply or very expensive. To gain a quick and cheaper method of these products is by inserting the genes controlling production of the required material into microbe cells and then the newly inserted genes tell the microbe to produce something that they would NOT naturally do. ...read more.


For example, the waste from sugar cane or sorghum can provide energy, especially in rural areas. It may be possible to breed plants specifically for this purpose. And other unexpected, useful products could prove of huge value. Benefits For Human Health: * Investigation of diseases with genetic fingerprinting - The Fingerprinting of animal and plant diseases is already possible. This technique allows researchers to know exactly what an organism is by looking at its genetic blueprint. * Vaccines and medicines - Plants are being engineered to produce vaccines, proteins and other pharmaceutical products. This process is called 'pharming'. (http://www.fao.org/english/newsroom/focus/2003/gmo7.htm) . [3.1.2] Potential Negative effects Negative Effects On The Environment: * Genes can end up in unexpected places - Through 'gene escape' they can pass on to other members of the same species and perhaps other species. Genes introduced in GMOs are no exception, and interactions might occur at gene, cell, plant and ecosystem level. Problems could result if, for example, herbicide-resistance genes got into weeds. So far, research on this is inconclusive, with scientists divided - often bitterly. But there is scientific consensus that once widely released, recalling transgenes or foreign DNA sequences, whose safety is still subject to scientific debate, will not be feasible. ...read more.


But in contrast to this, after considering both the positive and negative aspects of GMO's I have left myself feeling uneasy and curious of the long-term flaws and health risks associated with the negative effects that are describe in the case study, even though the positive side of GMO's are very pleasing and can come to a great use to all people of the world somehow the downsides overpower my thoughts through fear of changes for the worse of things i.e. "The transfer of anti-biotic resistance" can be life threatening I passed on to the wrong organisms . Overall I consider both sides of the case but I think they must be studied more until they reach a point of stability where there are no risk factors involved. Chapter 5: Suggestions/Recommendations [5] Suggestions/Recommendations If GMO's are stabilized to the extent that they will not affect any other plant/animal, I would suggest that GMO's should be used to bring round a world revolution ending poverty, illness and starvation (especially in badly affected areas of the world) because they can be easily donated to third world/developing countries through charities offering to send GMO plants/animals to those affected parts of the world giving them a better chance of living on nutritious food rather than the natural, non-GM foods. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    An Investigation into the Mitotic Nuclear Division of Allium Sativum Root Tip Cells, and ...

    5 star(s)

    at which anomalous and incongruous pieces of data can be identified. Please note that on the scatter graph, the lines connecting the results are intended purely to serve as a graphical means of observing anomalies and do not represent any form of biological trend or relationship.

  2. Marked by a teacher


    4 star(s)

    the number of individuals who have of the two major farms of eating disorders are - anorexia nervosa and bulimia, which has risen dramatically in recent years. Obesity can sometimes be considered as a third eating disorder. It is not viewed as a true psychiatric problem, unless attempts to lose

  1. Peer reviewed

    How Zoo's Avoid Inbreeding in a Limited Captive Population

    4 star(s)

    "ScienceDaily (Dec. 25, 2008) - Human impacts on the environment have reduced populations of wild species to dangerously low levels. Nowhere is this more apparent than in worldwide fisheries, where thanks to overfishing and habitat destruction, countless species and populations of fish are on the brink of disappearing forever".

  2. Is Golden Rice the Solution to Vitamin A Deficiency in the developing world? The ...

    It has the potential to have long-term benefits for the poor in developing countries where chronic Vitamin A deficiency (VAD). How is golden rice created? Golden rice was first created by Ingo Potrykus of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology.

  1. Free essay

    Outline the impact on the evolution of plants and animals of: ...

    The structures they have in common are evidence of similar inherited characteristics from a common ancestor. An Example - The Pentadactyl limb: * The Pentadactyl limb is a 5 - digit limb. * It is a structure of bones that is found in many vertebrates.

  2. An Investigation into the effect of flow rate on the size of Gammarus pulex

    can deposit while substrate that are too small are carried away by the water. The stony beds of the river are suited for adult shrimps as their legs allow them to cling on to rocks; this would be less possible for muddy substrate.

  1. Gm foods and Gene therapy

    It has at present not derived any products of tangible advantage to the consumer, pragmatically. However there have been no important incidents. Comparable to that of introducing a non-indigenous species into a vulnerable ecosystem, GM crops are seen to pose a threat to human safety, wild life and biodiversity.

  2. Study the increasing cases of food allergies and intolerances in an attempt to establish ...

    The glucose then passes out of the cells and into the blood, raising blood glucose levels. Suffers of the disease diabetes mellitus are unable to control the level of glucose in their blood. Diabetes suffers produce little or no insulin, this makes their blood glucose levels too high.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work