• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Are mobile phones a health risk?

Extracts from this document...


        Science in Society Topical Issue        Page

        Are Mobile Phones a Health Risk?


        In this report I aim to determine whether or not mobile phones pose a risk to our health. I will explain how mobile phone electromagnetic radiation can be perceived as dangerous, with reference to the EM spectrum. I will cite scientific sources of evidence which support both sides of the dispute, and will come to a reasoned conclusion as to how likely it is that mobile phones are a health risk. I will also evaluate the credibility of the sources used to support my conclusions, and list all the sources used throughout in a detailed bibliography.


        Mobile phones are becoming increasingly popular in today’s world; with around 80 million handsets in Britain, there are now more mobiles than people [1]. They’ve become an essential part of our existence, in business, in our daily lives and in keeping in touch with our loved ones – however, there is growing concern that this technology is causing serious health problems throughout the population, such as lasting brain damage and cancer. The Media consistently tends to portray mobile phones negatively, fuelling the public’s fears and misgivings: this study aims to determine from the scientific evidence whether or not mobile phones present a risk to our health.

Main Points

...read more.


Cancers and Brain Tumours due to Mobile Phone Radiation?

        The vast majority of recent publications agree that current evidence suggests that mobile phones (both the handsets and broadcasting/receiving masts) do not cause cancers or brain tumours – two very recent sources, one a joint-statement from the Nordic Radiation Safety Authorities, the other a Mobile Phone Fact-Sheet published by the Heath Physics Society, both agree that there is no evidence for mobile phones causing adverse health effects [6] [7]. However, the joint-statement goes on to acknowledge that the technology which uses radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation is still relatively new – only two decades old – and so active research must continue into finding out whether or not there are health dangers presented by radiofrequency radiation – this is a view agreed upon by the World Health Organization (WHO), which state the available evidence does not point towards any increased health risks attributable to mobile phone exposure, though further research and risk analysis should continue. [8]

        This said, the argument for mobile phones causing brain tumours still persists: the WHO also mentions that recent studies seem to suggest an increased risk of acoustic neuroma and certain brain tumours in users of analogue mobile phones for a time period greater than 10 years – A point corroborated by a 14 months study conducted by Dr Vini Gautam Khurana.

...read more.


Bibliography of References

  • [1] Number of Mobile Phones in the UK statistic from: The Daily Mail - http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1224827/As-new-evidence-links-mobile-phones-greater-risk-tumours-using-cost-child-life.html Last Updated: 3/11/09
  • [2]The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - http://www.epa.gov/rpdweb00/understand/ionize_nonionize.htmlLast Updated: 22/10/09
  • [3] Image of EM spectrum from: The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency - http://www.arpansa.gov.au/mobilephones/mobiles1.cfm#1
  • [4] Prof Kjell Mild, of Orbero University, Sweden - http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1565477/Mobile-phone-cancer-risk-higher-for-children.htmlPublished: 8/10/07
  • [5] The Institute of Physics Publishing - http://www.iop.org/EJ/article/0031-9155/52/4/001/pmb7_4_001.pdf?request-id=2266623f-5097-4aa8-a71d-fa1e83b6a0fcPublished: 17/1/07
  • [6] Joint-statement from the NRSA - http://www.stuk.fi/stuk/tiedotteet/fi_FI/news_578/_files/82468261251448918/default/Nordic_Statement-EMF161109.pdfPublished 19/11/09
  • [7] HPSMobile Phones Fact-Sheet - http://hps.org/documents/mobiletelephonefactsheet.pdfAdopted: September 2009
  • [8] WHO - http://www.euro.who.int/HEN/Syntheses/MobilePhones/20061017_10Last Updated 13/11/06
  • [9] Dr Vini Khurana’s study - http://www.brain-surgery.us/mobph.pdfCopyrighted to G.Khurana 2008  
  • [10] The Human Ecological Social Economical Project - http://www.hese-project.org/hese-uk/en/niemr/icnirp.phpAccessed 13/12/09
  • [11] Image of Ionizing Radiation from: radiation, Science and Health inc. -http://www.radscihealth.org/RSH/docs/Pollycove98_Ottawa.html

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Mechanics & Radioactivity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a star student thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Response to the question

The candidate has sensibly written an abstract, therefore the purpose of this essay is immediately clear, this is very helpful for the reader. In addition to this the candidates introduction is clear and concise, they have attempted to engage the ...

Read full review

Response to the question

The candidate has sensibly written an abstract, therefore the purpose of this essay is immediately clear, this is very helpful for the reader. In addition to this the candidates introduction is clear and concise, they have attempted to engage the reader by mentioning relevant facts and it is very clear what they plan to discuss. Furthermore the candidate gives a very explicit response to the overall question, they have taken the time to throughly research this topic, their discussion looks at both sides of the debate, they show a clear understanding of the physics involved and they have included a person response.

Level of analysis

The candidate has clearly undergone independent research in order to write this essay, they have taken the time to look through publications, newspaper articles and several webpages. This kind of research shows dedication and an interest in your subject. In addition to this, the extra information included in the candidates essay makes is more enjoyable to read. Furthermore the candidate has listed all of the sources they have used in a bibliography, which is important as it shows that your work is not plagiarised and it enables those who read your work to look over the resources you have used. They have also noted the credibility of their sources, this is an important thing to consider, if an article is written by a well respected person or organisation then you can assume that their work and therefore conclusions are accurate. On another note, the candidate has written a strong conclusion, they have answered the question that was set at the beginning of the essay and they have included a personal response, however this could have been improved had they taken the time to summarise their key points which would help to draw the essay to a close.

Quality of writing

This is exceptionally well written, the candidate uses a good range of vocabulary throughout, they use appropriate scientific terms and it clear that they understand the physics principles that they have discussed. Unfortunately there are a few issues with spelling and grammar, in particular there are several incidences in which the candidate has used the American version of a word, though this is only a minor issue.

Did you find this review helpful? Join our team of reviewers and help other students learn

Reviewed by pictureperfect 25/07/2012

Read less
Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Mechanics & Radioactivity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    AS OCR B Advancing Physics Coursework - Making Sense of Data

    4 star(s)

    0.72 0.38 0.1464 0.77 0.40 0.1606 0.82 0.41 0.1684 0.87 0.42 0.1761 0.92 0.43 0.1811 These results comply with the AS Advancing Physics book, which suggests that the acceleration of an object in freefall is about 10m/s-2, however the actual figure for acceleration of all freefalling objects on Earth is

  2. Peer reviewed

    The Physics of Windsurfing

    4 star(s)

    Curve of the front part of the sail than it does when it goes straight over the back part of the sail. If the wind hits the front part of the sail then the windsurfer will travel a greater distance.

  1. Peer reviewed

    Aim:To find out whether or not the angle of the ramp affects the acceleration ...

    3 star(s)

    Hypothesis: I think this is because if an object is heavier then gravity will need to pull harder on the object to pull it down; but it will still reach the ground at the same time compared to another object of a different mass.

  2. Task- To make a model sycamore seed that can fly easily and stay in ...

    (As shown in the results table.) When dropping the paper helicopter out of my hands I am to make sure that I drop it at the same time that my friend is to say "GO", this is so that he can time it with accuracy.

  1. The Pulley System Investigation

    This is because the machine we used was insecure and unsafe to use. The first three tests were also very bad as they were better of not to be done. We contained results which were very unexpecting. If you were to add more pulleys the machine would get too complicated and may also not be able to handle it.

  2. Use of technology in a hospital radiology department. The department of imaging is one ...

    [4] Task 1 B UCLH offers patient pioneering treatment at radiology department using the latest technology. The new 64 slice CT scanners indicate many patients who have problem with their veins and arteries can be diagnosed swiftly and accurately as outpatient, the scanners provide the doctor with a clear and

  1. Young Modulus case study

    Environmental fears may be that faulty lines break off into the water's depths, where the hooks are prone to being eaten by other fish, that would kill them. This is a waste of money for the angler, meaning that new equipment would need to be purchased.

  2. Explain how excessive exposure to radiation can cause harm.

    Severe loss of white blood cells, which are the body's main defence against infection, makes radiation victims highly vulnerable to disease. Radiation also reduces production of blood platelets, which aid blood clotting, so victims of radiation sickness are also vulnerable to haemorrhaging.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work