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Arguments supporting and opposing the research carried out in the Human Genome Project.

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Arguments supporting and opposing the research carried out in the Human Genome Project. The Human Genome project is an international research effort to characterise the genomes of human and selected model organisms through complete mapping and sequencing of their DNA. This massive research project has key aims that include the development of technologies for genomic analysis, to examine the ethical, legal and social implications of human genetics research, and to train scientists who will be able to utilise the tools and resources developed through the human genome project and ultimately to pursue biological studies that will improve human health. In more detail the Human Genome project is designed to construct detailed genetic and physical maps of the human genome, to determine the complete nucleotide sequence of human DNA, to localise the estimated 50,000 to 100,000 genes within the human genome, and to perform similar analysis on the genomes of several other organisms. The scientific products of the human genome project will compromise a resource of detailed information about the structure, organisation and function of the human DNA, information that constitutes the basic set of inherited "instructions" for the development and functioning of a human body. ...read more.


There can also be mutant genes in the DNA, which may cause irregularities in the final human. The Human Genome Project's aim was to find out the order of nucleotides, in the DNA and when mutant genes occurred that gene could be eliminated/changed so the patient would recover and then the patient's offspring would not have contracted that specific hereditary mutant gene. For example, if a person had cystic fibrosis, doctors could located the mutant gene responsible for this disease, change it to make it "normal" and then the person who has this mutant gene would survive and live a healthier life. Now that the odd gene has been changed, the children of that patient would have no risk of being passed on with cystic fibrosis. Although this sounds like a great idea, to cure people of horrific hereditary diseases, some individuals believe that it is wrong to alter the course of nature and create a "perfect race". Another pro is that, the offspring of the victim would have no fear of having that mutant gene and therefore diseases such as Huntington's could be wiped out for good. ...read more.


The department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health Genome Projects set aside 3 to 5% of their annual budgets to study the projects Ethical, Legal and Social issues. There have been new goals set by the research team regarding Ethical, legal and social issues which include: Overall I think that the human genome project will be a success and I hope that the positive side will be clear when it is completed. Hopefully the findings will result in many lives being saved and an overall healthier population, as diseases could be eradicated. I feel that if the aims are reached and it benefits human well being, then I support the project. I do feel that there is a big risk in the human genome project, and I hope scientists do not get carried away with the project and spoil it for the public. I hope that the scientists involved will take into consideration the publics views before rushing to make a human clone. I feel that the public need time to settle on the results of the human genome project. If scientists show the benefits clearly then it has been a success. ...read more.

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