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Comparing Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic cells.

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Introduction

Comparing Eukaryotic And Prokaryotic Cells A prokaryotic cell can typically be located in such cells as liver cells and contains a large amount of organelles; prokaryotic cells are a lot less complex in structure then eukaryotic cells. A eukaryotic cell has no true organelles can be found in such organisms as a bacterium Both these types of cells conduct the same function in the process of the life of the organism but there are some similarities and differences between these two types of cells. Both the prokaryotic cell and the eukaryotic cell contain DNA, in the prokaryotic cell the DNA is located in the nucleolus found in the nucleus and in the eukaryotic cell the DNA is located in the form of a plasmid, which is a ring of DNA Other small replica plasmids can also be found in the prokaryotic cell, which are parts of the main large plasmid, which contain DNA, which cannot be found in a eukaryotic cell. ...read more.

Middle

The size of a prokaryotic cell is generally smaller then a eukaryotic cell, a prokaryotic cell can be found normally ranging from 1 to 10�m where as a eukaryotic cell can be found up to 400�m but it is normally found ranging from 10 to 150�m. In a eukaryotic cell a nucleus can be found normally near to the outside of the cell and it is also surrounded by a nuclear envelope containing nuclear pores where as none of these are found in a prokaryotic cell they do not contain a nucleus. A eukaryotic cell of an animal contains mitochondria that's function is the reactions of aerobic respiration within cells supplying the cell with ATP, but this organelle is not located in a prokaryotic cell. Both a smooth endoplasmic reticulum that's function is the transportation of proteins synthesized on ribosomes and a rough endoplasmic reticulum which's function is the synthesis of lipids are found in a eukaryotic cell but are not found on a prokaryotic cell. ...read more.

Conclusion

does not, but secretary vesicles which act as food stores in a prokaryotic cell and in a eukaryotic cell they act as part of the golgi apparatus, food stores and remove the waste products from the cell. In eukaryotic cells chloroplasts are sometimes present, these organelles trap sunlight in the form on energy for use in the process of photosynthesis where as chloroplasts are not found in prokaryotic cells as the process of photosynthesis does not take place in a prokaryotic cell. The cell structure plasmodesmata which is the pathway for movement of material from cell to cell is found in some types of eukaryotic cells where as this structure is not found in prokaryotic cells Overall a eukaryotic cell contains a lot more organelles and is a lot more complex then a prokaryotic cell as a eukaryotic cell conducts many more processes then in a prokaryotic cell. The two types of cells face a different external environment meaning they need to be constructed to cope with the environment they are given. ...read more.

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