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Comparing Physical Fitness Between Male and Female-Implementing the Investigation

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Introduction

Implementing the Investigation Unit 8 Comparing Physical Fitness Between Male and Female Samiya Najib Introduction This part of the assignment is implementing the investigation mentioned in assignment 8.1. It will include the following: * Comparison of preliminary and final results * Calculation of fitness index for each subject * Calculation of BMI for each subject * Average titration results for male and female participants * Comparison of all calculations between male and female participants Results Preliminary Results Preliminary results were obtained after carrying out the proposed methods. These were carried out to acquire a rough estimate of the participant's level of fitness and what to improve in order to achieve accurate results. Male Name Harvard Step Test Sit & Reach Press ups Sit ups Brian 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 19cm 38 65 75 66 55 Vaidotas 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 12cm 25 90 70 61 45 Nilesh 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 25cm 26 23 74 61 32 Suhail 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 26cm 17 50 57 45 41 Female Natasha 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 29cm 2 84 50 40 38 Samiya 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 28cm 4 25 70 68 58 Sundus 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 18cm 3 12 76 68 56 Elizabeth 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 28cm 2 45 60 40 37 In order to improve these results, various improvements must be made for the final experiment. These include performing a warm up before the experiment to prevent muscle strain, performing sit ups and press ups on a gym mat to prevent pain or injury, wearing appropriate clothing to ensure maximal activity is not obstructed due to inappropriate clothing and to perform a carbon dioxide titration to give an estimate of the individuals aerobic capacity as the Harvard step test is only a sub-maximal test, which is more suitable for the elderly, those recovering from injury etc. Methods The Harvard step test Equipment * Step or platform, approximately 20 inches (50.8 cm) ...read more.

Middle

Wash affected parts with tap water immediately and inform member of staff, if serious. Call for medical assistance if necessary Glassware Breakable Handle with care. Inform member of staff and call for medical assistance if necessary Final Results Below is the final results obtained; however one of the male participants was absent; therefore was replaced by another male, Mohammed. Female Name Harvard Step Test Sit & Reach (cm) Press ups (1 min) Sit ups (1 min) Titration (NaOHcm2) Natasha 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 30 12 32 4.5 57 53 47 Elizabeth 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 29 2 31 4.5 50 46 39 Sundus 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 20 4 17 n/a 50 45 39 Samiya 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 28 3 30 7 51 45 49 Male Mohammed 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 3 41 49 12.5 70 60 55 Brian 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 23 65 32 14.6 56 51 46 Nilesh 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 27 40 32 11.5 60 55 45 Suhail 1-1.30 2-2.30 3-3.30 24 26 30 8.5 59 53 49 Natasha Elizabeth Sundus Samiya Brian Nilesh Suhail Mohammed Have you sought medical advice for a heart condition? No Yes No No No No No No Do you experience chest pains? No Yes No Yes No No No Yes Do you have a bone or joint problem? No No No No No No No Yes Do you have high or low blood pressure? No No No No No No No Yes Are you pregnant? No No No No No No No No Are you diabetic? No No No No No No No No Are you an asthmatic? No Yes Yes No No No Yes Yes Are you over 60 years of age? No No No No No No No No Have you had an injury in the last six months? No Yes No No No No No Yes Have you had a cold in the last two weeks? ...read more.

Conclusion

The following table shows the normative data of the sit and reach test for male and female Gender Excellent Above average Average Below average Poor Male >14 11 - 14 7 - 10 4 - 6 <4 Female >15 12 - 15 7 - 11 4 - 6 <4 Females' flexibility is normally higher than of males this is due to females usually having a lower muscle mass than of males. This is because males have testosterone which allows them to produce muscle at a high level. Press ups (1 min) Male The average of the press up results of the male participants: (41+62+40+26) � 4 = 169 � 4 = 42.25 (1 min) Female The average of the press up results of the female participants: (12+2+4+3) � 4 = 21� 4 = 5.25 (1 min) "I predict the males will perform a higher number of sit ups and press ups than females this is due to males normally having a higher muscle mass" As predicted, the male participants achieved greater results than of females as they naturally have a greater muscle mass. The following table shows the normative data of push ups for male and female. The male participants have all achieved average results or greater, whereas the female participants have achieved either fair or poor results as they do not exercise frequently. Age Excellent Good Average Fair Poor <29 >48 34 - 38 17 - 33 6 - 16 <6 Sit ups (1 min) Male The average of the press up results of the male participants: (49+32+32+30) � 4 = 143 � 4 = 35.75 (1 min) Female The average of the press up results of the female participants: (32+31+17+30) � 4 = 110 � 4 = 27.5 (1 min) "I predict the males will perform a higher number of sit ups and press ups than females this is due to males normally having a higher muscle mass" As predicted the male participants have performed greater than of females as they have a higher muscular endurance. The table below shows the normative data of sit ups for male and female. ...read more.

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