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Cricket - The Rules of Play.

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Introduction

History Cricket is generally considered to be the national game of England. Other countries in which it is popular include Australia, South Africa, Zimbabwe, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, New Zealand, and the West Indies. The rules that govern the game all over the world are those drawn up by the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) of London in about 1788, as subsequently revised. The most interesting contests include the annual series of international Test matches (played between national teams). The game was introduced into the American colonies in the mid-18th century but never achieved widespread popularity in the United States. The first women's cricket match was played in 1745. In 1958 the International Women's Cricket Council, located in Christchurch, New Zealand, was formed. Facts about cricket Cricket is an outdoor game played with a ball and bat. There are two teams of 11 players each. The cricket ball weighs from about 5.5 to 5.75 ounces which is about 156 to 163 grams. ...read more.

Middle

The opposing team, who is fielding, sends a bowler to one wicket and a wicketkeeper to a position behind the other wicket to stop the ball. The remaining nine players on the fielding team are placed about the field in positions from which they are best able to catch or stop the ball after it has been hit. There are two umpires, who control the game. One stands directly behind the wicket at the bowler's end, and the other stands at square leg (see fielding positions overleaf). The bowlers bowl the ball, overhand, without bending their arms. The batsmen may hit the ball in any direction and after hitting the ball, they can elect to run to the opposite crease. If the batsman runs, the partner runs for the crease the batter has just left. If both batsmen reach the opposite creases before either of them is put out, a run is scored. ...read more.

Conclusion

If a batsman scores 100 runs in one time at bat, it is called a century. Each batsman remains at the wicket reached during the last run. Therefore, when the next over is played, a different batsman may face the new bowler. When the bowler has delivered an over of six balls, a different bowler bowls from the opposite end. Since the new bowler faces in the direction opposite that faced by the first one, the wicketkeeper and the fieldsmen move their positions accordingly. When the second or different bowler has delivered an over, the first or last bowler resumes bowling. It is very common for 4 to 6 players to bowl. A team's innings ends when 10 out of 11 batsmen have been out, or when a targeted number of overs has been completed, or when the captain of the batting team chooses to declare the innings finished. Each team has either one or two innings, usually taken alternately. The team that scores the most runs is the winner. At the highest competitive levels, a cricket match takes three to five days to complete. ...read more.

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