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Diabetes and what you eat

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Diabetes Diabetes and what you eat If you have diabetes, so you probably know that food is a major culprit in altering your blood sugar level. Your blood sugar is at its highest an hour or two after you eat, and then it starts to fall. What you eat, how much you eat and when you eat all affect blood sugar. Some issues to consider: * Consistency. Strive for consistency from day to day in the time and amount of food you eat. By controlling these factors, you can better control when your blood sugar rises and even how high it rises. * Type of food. Food is made up of carbohydrates, protein and fat. Although all three can increase blood sugar, carbohydrates have the biggest impact. Coordinating your meals and your medications can be a fine balance, especially if you take insulin. Too little food in comparison to your medication may result in very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Too much food may cause your blood sugar to climb too high (hyperglycemia). ...read more.


Monitor your blood sugar before and after drinking to see how your body responds to alcohol. * Don't drink and work out. Both alcohol and exercise can lower blood sugar. Although it may be tempting to down a couple of beers after a hard game of baseball with the guys, you risk a more severe drop in blood sugar, especially if you take insulin or oral diabetes medications. And remember, injections of the fast-acting hormone glucagon aren't useful in treating severe low blood sugar caused by alcohol. Instead, you'll need a carbohydrate, such as oral glucose tablets or gels. If you pass out, you'll need a glucose injection into your bloodstream. * Watch what you drink. If you do drink, select drinks that are lower in sugar. If you have mixed drinks, use mixers that are sugar-free, such as diet soda, tonic water, club soda or seltzer. And choose alcohol with fewer carbohydrates, such as light beer. ...read more.


If it's spoiled - or was improperly stored - it may not be effective. Check the expiration date and talk with your pharmacist if you're uncertain. * Get informed about new medications. When you get a prescription to treat another condition or if you want to take an over-the-counter medication, be sure to tell the doctor or pharmacist you have diabetes and ask if the medication can affect blood sugar. If the drug may make blood sugar control more difficult, consult your diabetes doctor. Diabetes and stress Stress can affect your blood sugar in two ways.For one, when you're under heavy stress, it's easy to abandon your usual routine. You might cut back your exercise, eat fewer healthy foods and test your blood sugar less often. In that sense, stress indirectly causes your blood sugar to rise.Stress can also have a direct effect on your blood sugar level. As with the stress of a physical illness, prolonged or excessive emotional stress can cause your body to produce hormones that prevent insulin from working properly. That, in turn, increases your blood sugar levels. This is more common in people with type 2 diabetes. ...read more.

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