Discuss the role of Genetics in modern society
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Discuss the role of Genetics in modern society Genes by definition are information we inherit from our parents, they contain chromosomal information which codes for every physical and mental attribute a human, animal or plant has. Modern society has come to realise by finding the gene that causes the illness they can remove it. They then can insert the correct gene to replace it. Genes are arranged like beads on a piece of string, they occur in a fixed order. Modern day society has also realised that by learning about genes and increasing their understanding many useful tasks can be carried out. For example, solving crimes; if a suspect has been identified, a sample of that's persons DNA can be checked against DNA (a long thread- like molecule found in every living cell) which may have been found at the crime scene. This process is done use of a genetic code. Although every human may have the same basic components in a double helix of DNA, base, sugar, and phosphate: The type of sugar may vary, further more the order of complimentary base pairs may occur in a different order.
This done by using an enzyme called saccharmyes. The harmless particles produced from this process can be produced on an industrial scale and now serve as a commonplace vaccine. Genetic engineering has managed to cause controversy within the certain religious communities. 3 As one British couple wanted to use stem cells taken from the umbilical cord to treat their other child who has a rare (life threatening) blood disorder. Mr and Mrs Whitakers baby Jamie, was genetically selected whilst he was an embryo to be a near perfect match for older sibling Charlie. The controversial treatment had to be carried out in America as the British government has banned this form of treatment in the UK. With the realisation that genes can be manipulated, that scientists do have the knowledge to copy DNA brings the issue of cloning. Cloning is done by asexual reproduction and produces individuals who are genetically identical to a person who already exists. The process is done by removing the DNA from the nucleus of an egg cell taken from the mother and then replacing that genetic material with the DNA taken from one of the father's cells.
-Jeremy Lennard. This shows some people feel more research is required as the knock-on effects are still unknown. In some cases protesters have taken to destroying crop fields. Certain religious communities have suffered heavily due false genetic arguments. A combination of genetic and eugenic arguments was used to murder over 6 million Jews during the Holocaust. It goes with saying therefore genetics is a painful subject for the Jews. In the western world opinions even from a Christian perspective can vary greatly. Some feel creation belongs to God, yet he entrusted it to us. Meaning God gives his permission for this to take place. Catholics may feel that all life is sacred and thus should not be manipulated in any way. The role of genetics within modern day society is huge, hitting the media's attention often several times a week. This could be due to its complex desire to overcome barriers of human survival. The subject of genetics plays an already great role in modern day society. With much debate and research to continue, its future however is unpredictable. 1 Genes volume 7, Benjaman Lewis Oxford University Press, Page 71 01/01/2000 2 www.news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/1126047.stm 01/12/04 3 www.bbc.co.uk/religion/ethics/issues/designer_babies/index.shtml 02/12/04 4 www.guardian.co.uk/gmdebate/Story/0,2763,1362276,00.html 02/12/04
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