• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the role of Genetics in modern society

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the role of Genetics in modern society Genes by definition are information we inherit from our parents, they contain chromosomal information which codes for every physical and mental attribute a human, animal or plant has. Modern society has come to realise by finding the gene that causes the illness they can remove it. They then can insert the correct gene to replace it. Genes are arranged like beads on a piece of string, they occur in a fixed order. Modern day society has also realised that by learning about genes and increasing their understanding many useful tasks can be carried out. For example, solving crimes; if a suspect has been identified, a sample of that's persons DNA can be checked against DNA (a long thread- like molecule found in every living cell) which may have been found at the crime scene. This process is done use of a genetic code. Although every human may have the same basic components in a double helix of DNA, base, sugar, and phosphate: The type of sugar may vary, further more the order of complimentary base pairs may occur in a different order. ...read more.

Middle

This done by using an enzyme called saccharmyes. The harmless particles produced from this process can be produced on an industrial scale and now serve as a commonplace vaccine. Genetic engineering has managed to cause controversy within the certain religious communities. 3 As one British couple wanted to use stem cells taken from the umbilical cord to treat their other child who has a rare (life threatening) blood disorder. Mr and Mrs Whitakers baby Jamie, was genetically selected whilst he was an embryo to be a near perfect match for older sibling Charlie. The controversial treatment had to be carried out in America as the British government has banned this form of treatment in the UK. With the realisation that genes can be manipulated, that scientists do have the knowledge to copy DNA brings the issue of cloning. Cloning is done by asexual reproduction and produces individuals who are genetically identical to a person who already exists. The process is done by removing the DNA from the nucleus of an egg cell taken from the mother and then replacing that genetic material with the DNA taken from one of the father's cells. ...read more.

Conclusion

-Jeremy Lennard. This shows some people feel more research is required as the knock-on effects are still unknown. In some cases protesters have taken to destroying crop fields. Certain religious communities have suffered heavily due false genetic arguments. A combination of genetic and eugenic arguments was used to murder over 6 million Jews during the Holocaust. It goes with saying therefore genetics is a painful subject for the Jews. In the western world opinions even from a Christian perspective can vary greatly. Some feel creation belongs to God, yet he entrusted it to us. Meaning God gives his permission for this to take place. Catholics may feel that all life is sacred and thus should not be manipulated in any way. The role of genetics within modern day society is huge, hitting the media's attention often several times a week. This could be due to its complex desire to overcome barriers of human survival. The subject of genetics plays an already great role in modern day society. With much debate and research to continue, its future however is unpredictable. 1 Genes volume 7, Benjaman Lewis Oxford University Press, Page 71 01/01/2000 2 www.news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/1126047.stm 01/12/04 3 www.bbc.co.uk/religion/ethics/issues/designer_babies/index.shtml 02/12/04 4 www.guardian.co.uk/gmdebate/Story/0,2763,1362276,00.html 02/12/04 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    The cloning of Dolly.

    4 star(s)

    With the new technology, instead of using materials foreign to the body for such procedures, doctors will be able to manufacture bone, fat, connective tissue, or cartilage that matches the patient's tissues exactly. Anyone will able to have their appearance altered to their satisfaction without the leaking of silicone gel

  2. Recombinant DNA, genetically engineered DNA prepared in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and ...

    As organisms grow, heal after injury that destroys cells, and replace cells that die naturally, organisms clone cells and their DNA for the rest of their lives. So-called "identical" twins or triplets in humans and other complex life-forms are clones as well, in that they are produced from the same fertilized eggs and are therefore genetically identical.

  1. Chromosomes and DNA

    control the production of fruit. control and kill weeds. As an example of how auxins or plant hormones can be used commercially you could buy geranium plants from a garden shop. These may cost two or three pounds each. It is much cheaper to buy one and take cuttings from it.

  2. Cell Theory - Discuss the theory that living organisms are composed of cells.

    from host cell * restriction enzyme cut hole in plasmid to insert fragment * fragment mixed with plasmid and DNA ligase * DNA ligase anneals fragment into plasmid 3.4.11 State two examples of the current uses of genetically modified crops or animals.

  1. Study the increasing cases of food allergies and intolerances in an attempt to establish ...

    This is often caused by an auto-immune which attacks and destroys cells in the islets of Langerhans. This form of the disease usually occurs before the age 20. The onset of this type of diabetes is sudden and the condition is permanent but it can be treated with regular injections

  2. Defense in the blood

    less affinity, and neither globin has to interact critically with other proteins in a complex system. There seems to be a straightforward pathway of association leading from a simple myoglobin-like protein to a more complex hemoglobin-like one. In fact, its relative simplicity is probably the reason it is a favorite example in discussions of evolution by gene duplication.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work