• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Factors which affect stopping distance

Extracts from this document...


Factors which affect stopping distance Introduction We are investigating the factors that affect the stopping distance of a wooden trolley. We have decided to change the mass of the trolley in this experiment. We will measure the distance that the vehicle takes to stop from when it hits the brake. Equipment Ramp Wooden trolley 4 1kg weights Piece of A4 paper folded to make a brake Light gate Data logger Meter stick Method We set up a ramp so that we could let the trolley roll down onto the brake and we didn't have to push it, which would be unreliable. ...read more.


We let the trolley roll down the ramp onto the brake and measured the stopping distance. We varied the mass by adding the weights one at a time and took three stopping distance measurements for each mass. I recorded the results in a table and put them into a graph. Fair Test To make this experiment a fair test, we will keep these factors the same: the surface of the ramp (so that the friction will be the same each time the trolley rolls down the ramp.) the gradient of the ramp (so that the trolley should go at about the same speed each time.) ...read more.


We will use the average distance from our three results to plot our graph. This means that our results will be more accurate. Prediction I predict that the trolley will have a longer stopping distance when it has a greater mass because the force of gravity pulls it down the ramp. When the mass is greater the force of gravity will be stronger so the break would have to use a greater force to stop the trolley which means that the stopping distance will be longer. stopping distance (cm) mass (g) 1 2 3 average 766 39 31 58 426.67 1766 86.5 75.5 85 823.33 2766 94.5 92.5 98 950 3766 74.5 100.45 97.5 921.67 4766 117.5 111.5 102 1103.33 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Mechanics & Radioactivity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Mechanics & Radioactivity essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Aim:To find out whether or not the angle of the ramp affects the acceleration ...

    3 star(s)

    As these 2 factors will effect the acceleration; I will have to add an equation to remove the results of friction; the equation I will need to add is a?=gxsin? -?. We will not be calculating the results of friction in this experiment; but I have predicted the results if we did in the following graphs: 1.

  2. Factors affecting the speed of a trolley Travelling down a ramp.

    Kinetic energy is the energy of motion. An object, which has motion - whether it be vertical or horizontal motion - has kinetic energy. There are many forms of kinetic energy - vibrational (the energy due to vibrational motion), rotational (the energy due to rotational motion), and translational kinetic energy (the energy due to motion from one location to another).

  1. Investigating the factors affecting tensile strength of human hair.

    Hypothesis There will be a difference in tensile strength between brown, blond, ginger and black hairs of similar thickness. Blonde hair (lighter coloured hairs) has more sulphur-sulphur covalent bonds than black hair (dark coloured hairs). Hair contains the protein keratin, which contains a large proportion of cysteine with S-S bonds.

  2. physics investigation- stopping distance

    Ball 2 (cm) 1 115 83 2 99 84 3 108 84 4 114 87 5 112 88 Average 109.6 85.2 Analysis My first test supports my prediction that the mass of a ball does affect the distance that it takes to stop, although ball 2 is over 16 times

  1. Science Coursework - Investigating How Mass Influences Distance Travelled When Firing A Margarine Tub.

    energy using the formula: KE = (mass x velocity2)/2 or 1/2 mv2 Potential energy, on the other hand, is energy of position, not of motion. The amount of potential energy possessed by an object is proportional to how far it was displaced from its original position.

  2. Investigation into the factors that affect acceleration.

    The analysis of a ticker tape will reveal if the object is moving with constant velocity or accelerating. This is how we hope to record the acceleration of our trolley. To get the results from the ticker timer tape, you need to divide the tape into five dot strips, this is because each five dots is equal to 0.1 seconds.

  1. The target of my coursework is to find the amount of g acting on ...

    Angle (�) Height of ramp (cm) Final Velocity Initial Velocity acceleration ms^-2 50 9.2 8 0.9424 0 0.88811776 50 8.04 7 0.8776 0 0.77018176 50 6.89 6 0.807 0 0.651249 50 5.73 5 0.7192 0 0.51724864 50 4.59 4 0.5996 0 0.35952016 50 3.43 3 0.5023 0 0.25230529 50

  2. Multi-bladed Pumps. Does the number of propellor blades affect the efficiency of a ...

    * Firefighting Contains a bit of physics but interesting background information Jack Gottschalk, Dorling Kindersley, 2002, ISBN: 0789489090, p128 * Go with the flow Article about modelling granular and fluid motion New Scientist, 2 August 2003, p38-39 Preliminary Experiments I wanted to find the most efficient propeller design.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work