• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Genetic engineering can be used to solve many problems in the world, but some people feel that the dangers out weigh the advantages. Discuss the use to genetic engineering today and the moral, ethical and economic implications of the technique.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Genetic engineering can be used to solve many problems in the world, but some people feel that the dangers out weigh the advantages. Discuss the use to genetic engineering today and the moral, ethical and economic implications of the technique. There has been a lot of press coverage about the recent advances in gene technology. This new technology can be used in a variety of ways, from curing genetic diseases to keeping our tomatoes red. All genetic modification involves isolating a specific gene and modifying or replacing it, so to make it work differently. Gene Therapy can, in theory be used to cure genetic diseases such as Cystic Fibrosis. In Cystic Fibrosis the faulty gene is the one that produces the CFTR protein. Gene therapy can take a 'normal' gene, insert it into the cells surrounding the lungs and hopefully these cells will adopt the new gene and start using that to produce the protein, instead of using the faulty one. ...read more.

Middle

Food can be genetically modified to either increase the amount or quality of the crop. There has been much controversy over the safety of genetically modified food. Some people believe that it my either be harmful to eat, or that it may harm the environment. Food can now be transported hundreds of miles and still end up on the supermarket shelf looking as fresh as if it was picked that day. People like to know what they are eating, and with swapping genes they believe that they don't know what is in their food, it is unnatural to play with the genes and that the scientists do not know what may be produced by mixing genes. However the scientists say that eating genetically modified food cannot harm you and that everything has been extensively tested. Plants have been modified from hundreds of years through selective breeding, modern technology has just speeded up the process. There is concern for organic farms and that GM pollen could infect them, but then organic farms are also under-threat from herbicides and pesticides. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is also ethical implications of GM. Some believe that it is 'playing God', but... "Human discovery and invention can be thought of as resulting from the exercise of God-given powers of mind and reason." (Church of England Board) Who's the person to decide where to draw the line? Where should GM stop? If it is okay to GM animals - then why not continue onto humans? Animal organ transplants puts humans as been superior to animals, and some people say rightly so. Who has the right to treatment, only the rich people? Overall these advances in technology have the ability to improve many people's lives. But it has to be used with caution as it could easily become out-of-control. Many of the techniques need refining and more research done on them. Also the general public need to be given more information on the subject so that they have the ability to make informed choices when it comes to taking treatment or simply deciding what to eat. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering

    4 star(s)

    The second stage, after the full development of the human body and mind, saw humans moving from wild foragers to an agriculture based society. Natural selection received a helping hand as man took advantage of random mutations in nature and bred more productive species of plants and animals.

  2. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages of genetic engineering? Discuss this statement with specific ...

    world into two distinct categories: 'Valids' for the genetically perfect and 'In-Valids' for those anything less so. Free from human virtues and flaws, a genetically perfect human being will live a healthier and generally, a better life than a mere "ordinary" person.

  1. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetic Engineering.

    of disease, then we are instantly exposing ourselves to any disease that animal could contract.

  2. The Biology of Autistic Spectrum Disorder and the Social Implications

    used as a preservative in vaccines and that was phased out after the link between the two was made. However, it is also said that before the 1980s, one in 2,500 children was diagnosed with the developmental disability autism and now that figure is suggested to be close to one in 250.

  1. Genetic Engineering.

    So any gene added to a plasmid is also copied, this is called cloning. (Bill Indge et al 2000) An isolated plasmid has to be cut open to be used as a vector using an enzyme, this causes 'sticky ends'.

  2. Gm foods and Gene therapy

    Connected to this is the question of whether embryo or germline gene therapy could steadily be used to get rid of a specific genetic defect like Huntington's chorea from the population, i.e. negative eugenics. Even if human germline therapy ever turned out to be technically practicable, it is difficult to

  1. Cell Theory - Discuss the theory that living organisms are composed of cells.

    Tumors (cancers): result from uncontrolled cell division can occur in any organ Unit 2 2.1 Chemical Elements and Water (2h) 2.1.1 State that the most frequently occurring chemical elements in living things are carbon hydrogen and oxygen. Three most common elements of life: - carbon - hydrogen - oxygen 2.1.2

  2. Free essay

    Outline the impact on the evolution of plants and animals of: ...

    * Process and analyse information from secondary sources to explain a modern example of 'natural' selection: * Some organisms, such as bacteria and insects, produce large numbers of offspring. Amongst large numbers of bacteria offspring, some individuals may carry genes that give them resistance to antibiotics.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work