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Genetically Modified Foods Research.

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Introduction

Biotechnology: Genetically Modified Foods Genes: Inside the chromosomes of the nucleolus in a human cell are genes, which are segments of DNA (Deoxy Ribonucleic Acid) that contain all the information of a cell. These genes control and determine things such as physical characteristics, blood type, and intelligence (2). Genes are also duplicated into two copies, known as alleles, where one is for each parent. There are four different types of nucleotide subunits that make up the long chain of DNA, where they include a single phosphate group, five-carbon sugar, and one of the four bases (3). Severe problems can occur where there are abnormalities in the DNA and genes are not functioning correctly. For example, genes may provide the wrong set of instructions, therefore causing faulty cell growth or function and mistakes in all other cells that contain this gene. Biotechnology: Over the past sixty years, a new branch of science called biotechnology has been developed and expanded. Scientists have learnt how to alter the genetic code in animals and plants, changing their characteristics, since the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA by Francis Crick and James Watson (7). ...read more.

Middle

The wind blew the pollen onto the milkweed plants in neighboring fields, which were the homes for Monarch butterfly caterpillars. This caused these organisms to suffer and die, because of the consummation of some pollen from the genetically modified corn (1). In conclusion, genetically modified toxins can kill many species of insect larvae indiscriminately but it is not possible that scientists can develop of genetically modified toxin that only kills pests that damage crops, while remaining harmless to all other insects. Less Insecticide Used: A positive feature about using genetically modified foods is that the use of insecticide is much more minimal than the use of it on organic foods. In the past to protect and prevent harmful insects, large amounts of insecticide were sprayed over the crops. This was because biotechnology was not properly developed (7). The amount of insecticide greatly affected the surrounding environment negatively, since the insecticide would seep into the soil and underground into clean water. Genetic engineering has switched places with insecticides, creating a solution to this problem since insecticides will no longer be needed. Plants Able To Grow In Different Environments: Furthermore, plants can now grow in environments that they usually could not, due to genetic modifications in plants. ...read more.

Conclusion

The controversial aspects positively and negatively affect societies, where most people believe that the consumption of genetically modified foods is harmful to the body. One of the main problems of this product are the allergies that can accidentally be spread across foods (1). For example in a research article by Deborah B. Whitman, it explains how genetically modified foods can carry life-threatening allergies and gives the two cases of soybeans and peanuts. ?Many people in the US and Europe have developed life-threatening allergies to peanuts and other foods. There is a possibility that introducing a gene into a plant may create a new allergen or cause an allergic reaction in susceptible individuals. A proposal to incorporate a gene from Brazil nuts into soybeans was abandoned because of the fear of causing unexpected allergic reactions? (4). In many cases, people explain that they have never eaten genetically modified foods, where in fact these products are usually in the ingredients of regular foods such as cereal. As a result of finding out, people tend to be unhappy because they feel that not enough testing has been done on genetically modified crops. In reality, most people are misinformed about this new type of scientific development and are not ready to listen to the logical idea of genetically modified foods. ...read more.

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