• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Could Genetic Engineering Be Used To Help Us? What Are Your Views On It?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Could Genetic Engineering Be Used To Help Us? What Are Your Views On It? By: Hasan Abdullah Genetic engineering can help the agricultural industry a lot by the growth of larger crops and the mass production of these crops. It can also help in the growth of crops in very extreme climates and the production of crops that will be less prone to diseases. Through this we can even control the biological pests and the cloning of the most genetically fit animals. Genetically modified plants are created by the process of genetic engineering, which allows scientists to move to move genetic material between organisms with the aim of changing ones characteristics. Nature can produce organisms with new gene combinations through the process of sexual reproduction. A brown cow bred to a yellow cow may produce a calf of a completely new colour. Reproductive mechanisms limit the number of new combinations. A breeder who wants a purple cow would be able to breed toward one only if the necessary purple genes were available somewhere in a cow or a near relative to cows. ...read more.

Middle

This can also reduce the number of pesticides being used, which will help the ecosystem a great deal even though the crops will still remain in the same condition and not be harmed. Here are some more benefits: * Having the ability to grow on substandard or marginal soils. * Plants are able to produce more high-quality protein, with increased per-acre yield, without increasing the need for expensive machinery, chemicals, fertilisers, or water. * They would aim to favour small farms over larger farms. * The seeds would be cheap and freely available without restrictive licensing and they would be for crops that feed people, not meat animals. No more Genetic Diseases Genetic engineering enables scientists to produce clones of cells or organisms that contain the same genes. 1. Scientists use restriction enzymes to isolate a segment of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that contains a gene of interest-for example, the gene regulating insulin production. 2. A plasmid extracted from a bacterium and treated with the same restriction enzyme can hybridize with this fragment's "sticky" ends of complementary DNA. ...read more.

Conclusion

But genetic engineering must not be misused and must stay within the limits. So basically it shouldn't go towards cloning as it is playing with God. But I think that it is fine to clone animals for helping humans by using their organs to help the sick. I agree with that because God said that if you save someone's life it is just like saving the life of whole mankind. So I basically allow the cloning of animals and plants as they don't cause any great harm. I disagree with the genetic engineering of cloning because it questions about the individuality and identity of the cloned person. One of the reasons I strongly oppose cloning is that experiments with humans will undoubtedly result in malformed clones, as it has happened before the successful cloning of Dolly the sheep. It took 277 times to get a perfect sheep and so it would take much more than that for a human and so will result in many malformed humans. I agree with the idea of genetic engineering as long as it is used sensibly and not in cloning. But cloning is fine to be done on plants and animals but not humans. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    An Investigation into the Mitotic Nuclear Division of Allium Sativum Root Tip Cells, and ...

    5 star(s)

    of quiescence called G0 phase, while cells that have permanently stopped dividing due to age or accumulated DNA damage are said to be 'senescent'. The component of the cell cycle that is of greatest interest to the investigation is the process of nuclear division through mitosis, which is stimulated in

  2. Recombinant DNA, genetically engineered DNA prepared in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and ...

    Skin color, for example, is controlled by several genes--this is why there is so much variation in skin color not only between different races but also between persons of the same race. Likewise, though a person's intelligence may be hereditarily influenced by the intelligence of the parents, individual intelligence is

  1. Cell Theory - Discuss the theory that living organisms are composed of cells.

    around it to form complex * products leave enzyme reverts back to inactive, relaxed form 6.6.3 Explain that enzymes lower the activation energy of the chemical reactions that they catalyze. Enzymes lower activation energy of the reactions they catalyze 6.6.4 Explain the difference between competitive and non-competitive inhibition, with reference to one example of each.

  2. patterns of growth and development

    At 3 months a baby will respond by making noises to an adult when they speak to them , they smile at familiar people and will fix their eyes, unblinkingly on the carer's face when feeding. At 6 months a baby begins to understand that they can get attention by doing certain things for example to sneeze.

  1. DNA cloning or gene cloning

    In this process the scientist who clones the child ensures that it gets that particular gene from the parent who does not have the illness. Doctors can also eliminate strands of DNA that cause deformation and diseases like Down syndrome to ensure that a healthy child is born.

  2. Investigating what effect varying the concentration of copper sulphate has on the enzyme Catalase ...

    Repeat this for each concentration of copper (ii) sulphate. 8. Repeat steps 1-7 three times as to repeat the experiment to eliminate any anomalous results you get. Throughout the experiment you must make sure that certain variables are kept constant.

  1. What is Genetic Engineering?

    It also allows the creation of "transgenic" organisms, where a short section of genetic material from an unrelated species can be introduced into another (N.B. a transgenic animal does not mean a 50-50 mixture!). Some Uses of Genetic Engineering But why should we do this manipulation, be it within or across species?

  2. Genetic Engineering Should be Banned

    Scientists are excited at the prospect of growing a viable human organ in another mammal. This would eliminate the need for organ donors and waiting lists. Skin, brain cells, hearts, livers, lungs and kidneys could all be produced and harvested faster than we could ever imagine.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work