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Human Genome Project.

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Meeraj Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is an international project basically sponsored by the U.S Government. It started in October 1990 with an aim to sequence the entire human genome. The complete set of information present in the form of the genes in an organism forms its genome. Each human being has 23 pairs of chromosomes having DNA double helix in each. The Human Genome Project is a worldwide research effort with the goal of analyzing the structure of human DNA and determining the location of the estimated 100,000 human genes. In parallel with this effort, the DNA of a set of model organisms will be studied to provide the comparative information necessary for understanding the functioning of the human genome. ...read more.


S dollars that could later be used for medical researchers. To help achieve these goals, researchers also are studying the genetic makeup of several nonhuman organisms. These include the common human gut bacterium Escherichia coli, the fruit fly, and the laboratory mouse. The process for the sequencing of the Human Genome is long and complicated. At first a collection of blood and sperm samples from anonymous donors which are then combined into a mixture. The mixture is subjected for DNA extraction using chloroform, phenol and water. Pure DNA is dissolved in water. It is subjected to an enzyme, restriction that cuts the DNA fragments. ...read more.


It can also be advantageous as it studies comparative genomic that compares the structural, functional, metabolic, physiological, and evolutionary differences between the living organisms. The Human Genome Project is used for forensic science; that is during trials for murders, parentage dispute. Besides providing clues to understanding human biology, learning about nonhuman organisms' DNA sequences can lead to an understanding of their natural capabilities that can be applied toward solving challenges in health care, energy sources, agriculture, and environmental cleanup. Even though there are many advantages of the Human Genome Project there are some issues which have been raised against the project the ethical, legal, social and medical issues thus The Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health Genome Programs set aside 3%-5% of their respective annual budgets for the study of the project's ethical, legal, social and medical issues. Words=594 ...read more.

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