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List areas of science that have raised ethical or moral issues

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Introduction

List areas of science that have raised ethical or moral issues (P5.3a) How it works and why it works Gene therapy When genes are changed, proteins are unable to carry out normal function, this results into genetic disorders. This technique (gene therapy) is for correction defective gene responsible for genetic disorders. Researchers use several of ways to correct defective genes: > Normal genes is interested into non specific location within the genome to correct defective genes > Though homologous recombination normal genes could be swapped with defective genes > Defective genes could be repaired through reverse mutation to normality > Regulation of a specific gene( lac operon) could be altered to return to normality GM organisms/foods Gm is a set of techniques used to modify the genetic makeup of organisms such as animals and plants. It is mostly used to modify crops to yield more harvest and plants are altered to grow on fields were there is water shortage, hence, little water needed to grow plant. Most Gm products are medicines, vaccines, food/ingredients, Feed and fibers. What is used for? /benefits In plant/crops > Used to help enhance taste and quality > Help to reduce time of ripeness > Used to help increase yield, nutrients and stress tolerance > Used to improve resistance to disease and pests Animals > Increased resistance to productivity, hardness and feed efficiency > Better yields of meat, milk and eggs > Improved animal health and diagnostic methods Cloning The technique of cloning has brought many controversies though the media of the possibility of human cloning. ...read more.

Middle

GM organisms/foods Brief introduction Gm is a set of techniques used to modify the genetic makeup of organisms such as animals and plants. It is mostly used to modify crops to yield more harvest and plants are altered to grow on fields were there is water shortage, hence, little water needed to grow plant. Issues of technique * Violation of natural organism * Tampering with nature by and mixing among species * Absolute horror and objection to the consuming of genetically modified food for eating * Stress of animals and it's welfare Cloning Brief introduction The technique of cloning has brought many controversies though the media of the possibility of human cloning. This was aroused during the creation of Dolly the sheep in 1997 which caused world interest and the scientific and ethical implications. Issues of technique * This technique could lead to human cloning * Why do some scientist continue to clone animals and in some cases embryos that are inserted in female humans when there is 90 % of failure and expensive procedure * Cloning of animals like Dolly the sheep is un ethical and immoral * Cloning of animals cause severe disorder and disease, stress the animal which is a living breathing organism Finally you have to evaluate each of the uses or gene technology ie the advantages and disadvantages (drawbacks or benefits). Plus give your opinions of the methods, do you think that they are a good idea or you disagree with the techniques. (D5.3 AND D18.4) ...read more.

Conclusion

And cloning of embryos immoral? * Do we have the right to clone animals, plants and humans? * Is it ethical right to harvest organs from clones? * Cloning of children could face repercussion * Can cloning of children be manipulated to become monsters? And perhaps used to become slaves. * Should cloning be regulated * A ban on cloning? * Many scientists have showed disgust to human cloning but some scientist continues to clone humans and animals due to lack of regulatory law in about 170 countries and also that it benefits overturn ethical and benefits. Opinions on the method of cloning The genetic replica of crops, plants and especially animals/humans have caused many controversies due many disgust of this method. Some ague cloning humans and animal is playing God and this method should be stopped. However, some ague that cloning could help infertile men or women fertile, cloning can be used to reconstruct damages tissue or bones can be used to replace defected or diseased organs. In the contrary, I believe that cloning shouldn't be banned but, should be regulated in way that it does not cross through the major ethical issues like selective cloning, animal cloning which may be consumed by human, however, it should be allowed to help reconstruct broken bones, tissue, or defective tissue and any other problems that truly benefits humans and cause little ethical issues like selective human cloning. BIBLOGRAPHIES http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/therapy/genetherapy http://www.accessexcellence.org/RC/AB/BA/Gene_Therapy_Overview.php http://www.theregister.co.uk/2008/01/16/cloned_animal_products/ http://www.endanimalcloning.org/factsaboutanimalcloning.shtml http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/medicine/genetherapy.shtm http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/elsi/gmfood.shtml ?? ?? ?? ?? Created by KWAME Created on 24/05/2009 17:30:00 KWAME adu-akyeampong Page 1 30/10/2009 ...read more.

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