• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

M2. Discuss the impact on individuals and society of genotypes resulting in developmental delay or impairment of normal body functioning

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Samaira Azim Biology Fahmida Ahad M2. Discuss the impact on individuals and society of genotypes resulting in developmental delay or impairment of normal body functioning Downs syndrome is a disorder which is not hereditary, meaning it does not run in the family, but is still a genetic problem in the sense that Downs syndrome is caused by having the extra chromosome 21. Downs syndrome affects many aspects of an individual?s life depending on the type they are born with. There are3 different types of Downs syndrome such as 1. Full Trisomy 21- where all the cells have a third 21st chromosome in them. 2. Mosaic DS- where there are two cell lines which mean there are some cells that have the normal 46 chromosomes and some cells that have an additional 21st chromosome, creating 47 chromosomes in total, which creates a mosaic like pattern. ...read more.

Middle

According to statistics, around 1 in 5 people with Down?s syndrome will develop a psychological or behavioural condition. Conditions that can develop in younger children with Down?s syndrome include: ?Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - causing the child to have a short attention span and impulsive behaviour ?Autistic Spectrum Disorder ? affecting the child?s development which can cause problems with language, behaviour and how they interact socially with others. Conditions that can develop in teenagers and adults with Downs?s syndrome include: ?Depression ?Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) Depending on the severity of the individuals condition, having these problems can affect their ability to socialise with others, as it can be difficult to communicate with people if they have speech problems. It can also be quite difficult for people with Down?s syndrome to interact with others if they have a problem with understanding things if they have learning difficulties; which could affect their ability to work/study. ...read more.

Conclusion

These include ?access to good healthcare including a range of different specialists ?early intervention programmes to provide support for children and parents ?good parenting skills and an ordinary family life ?education and support groups to provide information and help for parents, friends and families Improved education and support has given more opportunities to people with Down syndrome, including leaving home, making relationships, getting jobs and leading independent lives. Every child is different therefore is difficult to predict each individuals outlook, but overall with the right support people with downs tend to live happy lives. Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis is a condition which is caused by a mutation in the CFTR gene. This specific mutation causes excessive amounts of salt and water to enter the body?s cells. This results in a build-up of thick, sticky mucus in the body's tubes and passageways, including the lungs, digestive system and other organs, resulting in the symptoms of cystic fibrosis. These symptoms include: ?persistent cough ? Re-occuring infections affecting the lungs and chest ? Difficulty in gaining wait 1. Difficulty in breathing ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    MENTAL HEALTH

    4 star(s)

    Lauren then collaborated with her doctor and therapist and together they came up with a treatment planning process. In order for my service user to control her symptoms, she would do different things such as: - Monitor her symptoms and moods - Speak to close friends and friendships - She

  2. Investigate how the height to width ratio of Limpets varies with distance from sea

    * There may be bits of broken glass and other litter may be scattered on the rocky shore, therefore care will be taken when manoeuvring over the rocks. * I will ensure that Limpets are not disturbed in their natural environment, by not removing them from the rocks as measurements

  1. The Biology of Autistic Spectrum Disorder and the Social Implications

    are working with them to try and ease the pressure on the educational system and for the parents of those with ASD. So here is to the hope that autistic children and future generations will have a better head start in life if they have learning disabilities.

  2. case study- cystic fibrosis

    They hope the breakthrough could one day help to solve the problem of a severe shortage of donor organs for transplant. The organs were created from cells taken from a cow's ear. They were genetically identical to the donor cells and so could be transplanted back into the animal without risk of rejection.

  1. Cystic Fibrosis

    Furthermore CF causes the sweat glands to release about 5 times6 as much salt as a normal person would. This is why the skin of a CF patients may taste salty. They don't sweat more, but when they perspire more salt is excreted.

  2. Free essay

    Outline the impact on the evolution of plants and animals of: ...

    Hydrangeas: * Hydrangeas are plants that have different flower colour (pink or blue) depending on the pH of the soil they are grown in. In acid soils (less than pH 5) Hydrangeas are blue. In soils that have a pH greater than 7 Hydrangeas are pink.

  1. Investigating the effect of trampling on salt marsh

    Changes to plan after Preliminary run- I didn't really make any major changes to my plan after the preliminary run, I used a point quadrat and I genuinely found it difficult to gauge a percentage cover. The preliminary reaffirmed by views that my plan was good to gain me the results I needed, accurately and efficiently.

  2. patterns of growth and development

    The right amount of fingers and toes are added. Stage 10 More objects are put into the picture e.g houses, trees, grass and a sun. Clothes are added. Social / Emotional Development According to Erikson, the social/ emotional development process consists of eight phases - the "eight stages of man."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work