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M2. Discuss the impact on individuals and society of genotypes resulting in developmental delay or impairment of normal body functioning

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Samaira Azim Biology Fahmida Ahad M2. Discuss the impact on individuals and society of genotypes resulting in developmental delay or impairment of normal body functioning Downs syndrome is a disorder which is not hereditary, meaning it does not run in the family, but is still a genetic problem in the sense that Downs syndrome is caused by having the extra chromosome 21. Downs syndrome affects many aspects of an individual?s life depending on the type they are born with. There are3 different types of Downs syndrome such as 1. Full Trisomy 21- where all the cells have a third 21st chromosome in them. 2. Mosaic DS- where there are two cell lines which mean there are some cells that have the normal 46 chromosomes and some cells that have an additional 21st chromosome, creating 47 chromosomes in total, which creates a mosaic like pattern. ...read more.


According to statistics, around 1 in 5 people with Down?s syndrome will develop a psychological or behavioural condition. Conditions that can develop in younger children with Down?s syndrome include: ?Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) - causing the child to have a short attention span and impulsive behaviour ?Autistic Spectrum Disorder ? affecting the child?s development which can cause problems with language, behaviour and how they interact socially with others. Conditions that can develop in teenagers and adults with Downs?s syndrome include: ?Depression ?Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) Depending on the severity of the individuals condition, having these problems can affect their ability to socialise with others, as it can be difficult to communicate with people if they have speech problems. It can also be quite difficult for people with Down?s syndrome to interact with others if they have a problem with understanding things if they have learning difficulties; which could affect their ability to work/study. ...read more.


These include ?access to good healthcare including a range of different specialists ?early intervention programmes to provide support for children and parents ?good parenting skills and an ordinary family life ?education and support groups to provide information and help for parents, friends and families Improved education and support has given more opportunities to people with Down syndrome, including leaving home, making relationships, getting jobs and leading independent lives. Every child is different therefore is difficult to predict each individuals outlook, but overall with the right support people with downs tend to live happy lives. Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis is a condition which is caused by a mutation in the CFTR gene. This specific mutation causes excessive amounts of salt and water to enter the body?s cells. This results in a build-up of thick, sticky mucus in the body's tubes and passageways, including the lungs, digestive system and other organs, resulting in the symptoms of cystic fibrosis. These symptoms include: ?persistent cough ? Re-occuring infections affecting the lungs and chest ? Difficulty in gaining wait 1. Difficulty in breathing ...read more.

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