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Moral and ethical issues associated with recombinant technology

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Introduction

The ideal life for all human beings, where they could live without diseases, with plenty of food, comfortable enviroment and without any struggle for the facilities of life, may be called heaven, the concept of which is provided by all religions of the world. The present enviroment of human beings has been tremendously improved than the earlier civilizations due to a lot of scientific advancement and progress for human comforts. But the diseases and illnesses are still making life problematic for the human race. Russo and cove (ref no 3) stated that there are more than 2000 different genetic diseases causing the sufferings of humans. Some of these genetically inherited disease commonly observed are down's syndrome, cancer, schizophrenia and colour-blindness. The science of genetic engineering may perform wonderful miracles to overcome these diseases in the humans and will cause the revolution in maintaining the health, according to the concept of heaven. This idea provides the moral obligations and ethical concept's for the promotion of genetic engineering researches. The genetical engineering can be a source to produce genetically modified animals to obtain better quality of meat and milk, and genetically modified plants to obtain better agricultural products. ...read more.

Middle

The moral and ethical issues of recombinant technology worry a lot about tampering with genes. We have the power to create the new life forms with genetic engineering but we don't know what the hidden costs of interfering with evolution might be, so far no harm seems to have come from releasing genetically manipulated organisms (gmo's) into the enviroment. These have been mainly microbes designed to protect plants from diseases and forests from damage. Gmo's have marker gene engineered in their genome so their spread can easily be tackled. This idea was given by aldridge. (ref no 1) But however safe Gmo's turn out to be there are still difficult ethical problems to be faced. The product of genetic engineering is new life forms but no one is really sure that they can or should be patented. The first patented life form was the oncomouse produced at Harvard University. Patenting the Harvard mouse has caused the storm of controversy and confusion in Europe, which is causing investors to hold back from biotechnology. The attempt by some USA scientists to patent human genes the result of their work on human genomes has led to similar difficulties ...read more.

Conclusion

on the other hand gene technology can also be used as a powerful weapon to eradicate less powerful ethnic groups in several ways therefore it is very important that all the universities and colleges and educational institutes of the world must especially teach moral and ethical values to the scientists to use genetic technology as a blessing rather than disguise. REFERENCE NO 1 , ALDRIGE, S (1994) BIOCHEMISTRY FOR ADVANCED BIOLOGY CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS , 156 PAGES REFERANCE PAGES 113,125,126 REFERENCE NO 2 , INDGE,B ROWLAND,M AND BAKER,M.(2000) A NEW INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGY, PUBLISHED IN ITALY FOR HODDER AND STOUGHTON EDUCATIONAL AND 338 EASTERN ROAD LONDON NWIBBH BY PRINTER TRENTO 240 PAGES REFERANCE PAGES 163,164,165,166,167,168 REFERENCE NO 3, RUSS O,E AND COVE,D(1995). GENETIC ENGINEERING, DREAMS AND NIGHTMARES , WH FREEMAN AND COMPANY OXFORD, NEWYORK, HEIDELBERG, 243 PAGES PRINTED BY BATH PRESS AVON REFERANCE PAGE NO 100 REFERENCE NO 4, WWW.DNA.COM AND DIFFERENT LINKS FROM HERE AND WWW.BIORES-IRL.IE/BIOZONE/PLANTS.HTML REFERENCE NO 5, MOVIE GENITIC ENGINEERING DREAMS AND NIGHTMARES UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS, MEDIA SERVICES, WOOD HOUSE LANE REFERANCE NO 6, SKY NEWS ABOUT PIGS HEART TRANSPLANT INTO HUMANS BIOLOGY COURSE WORK ESSAY SYED WASI ...read more.

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