• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

My aim is to investigate at which temperatures will give me which resistance and present it as a graph.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Thermistor Investigation

Aim

My aim is to investigate at which temperatures will give me which resistance and present it as a graph.

Prediction

I predict that the graph I will produce will show me that there is a clear relationship between the temperature and the resistance of the thermistor.  Whether it is a negative coefficient or a positive coefficient will depend on whether thermistor is a negative temperature coefficient (NTC) thermistor or a positive temperature coefficient (PTC) thermistor.  I have not been told which thermistor it is that I have been given and

therefore I will also find out which thermistor I have been given.

Research

After time, temperature is the variable most frequently measured. The three most common types of contact electronic temperature sensors in use today are thermocouples, resistance temperature detectors (RTDs), and thermistors. This article will examine the negative temperature coefficient (NTC) thermistor.  Positive temperature coefficient (NTC) thermistor does the same as NTC thermistor accept the resistance goes up when the temperature rises.

NTC thermistors are manufactured in a variety of sizes and configurations. The chips in the center of the photo can be used as surface mount devices or attached to different types of insulated or uninsulated wire leads. The thermistor element is usually coated with a phenolic or epoxy material that provides protection from environmental conditions. For applications requiring sensing tip dimensions with part-to-part uniformity and/or smaller size, the devices can be encapsulated in PVC cups or polyamide tubes. image00.png

General Properties and Features

NTC thermistors offer many desirable features for temperature measurement and control within their operating temperature range.

...read more.

Middle

90

43

45

43

43.7

100

29

35

34

32.7

From my results it has enabled my to draw my graph and to analyse my results further.

Conclusion

From looking at my graph I have discovered that my conclusion was wrong.  The graph was not linear and there is not even a close relationship between resistance and temperature.  I have however discovered that the thermistor I used was a NTC.  

Evaluation

Looking at my results there are some anomalies these are highlighted below:

Temperature (Co)

Resistance (Ohms)

1

2

3

Average

10

876

812

784

824

20

405

610

534

516.3

30

170

453

465

362.7

40

220

237

245

234

50

211

234

230

225

60

137

200

185

174

70

174

160

170

168

80

434

88

78

200

90

43

45

43

43.7

100

29

35

34

32.7

The anomalies would of caused the results to come out wrong.  These results could of happened due to a number of reasons.  One is if the thermistor was not in thermal equilibrium, this means that the thermistor may not of been at the same temperature as the water it was placed in.  Another is the thermometer might not of been exactly where the thermistor was so there could be a different in temperature.  Another is if all the ice had not melted this would mean that there would be different temperatures in the beaker.  This means that my curve cannot be trusted.  Also in the lower temperatures there were big differences between the resistances, so more results would give a more accurate graph.

I have done further research with an equation and a graph that I can now compare my graph with:

 Accurate and Repeatable R/T Characteristic. image01.png

The resistance vs. temperature characteristic (also known as R/T curve) of the NTC thermistor forms the "scale" that allows its use as a temperature sensor.

...read more.

Conclusion

image01.png

Washer-shaped thermistors are essentially a variation of the disc type except for having a hole in the middle, and are usually leadless for use as surface mount devices or as part of an assembly. Rod-shaped thermistors are made by extruding a viscous oxide-binder mixture through a die, heat-treating it to form a ceramic material, applying electrodes, and attaching leads. Rod thermistors are used primarily for applications requiring very high resistance and/or high power dissipation.image01.png

The graph (fig 1) is very similar to mine it too begins to curve after around 40Co and before that it is straight.  So from this graph my graph is correct but not accurate.

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Electrical & Thermal Physics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Electrical & Thermal Physics essays

  1. Investigate how the temperature affects the resistance of a thermistor.

    One factor that must be kept constant during my experiment is the voltage and current in the circuit. This need to stay the same because I am changing the temperature in order to investigate the resistance of the thermistor and because both voltage and current affect the resistance in a

  2. Internal resistance investigation - I will conduct the following investigation with the aim to ...

    There will have been some error in my results but because I measured each result to 3 significant figures and repeated my experiment to get an average to 4 significant figures this error will have been limited to the best of my ability and the results should be exact to 4 significant figures.

  1. The aim of my investigation is to determine the specific heat capacity of aluminium.

    However only the total time in actually used in the calculation E = ItV. Therefore the error caused by the stop clock is even smaller. Stop clock, %error = 1 x 100 300 =0.3% The largest source of error involved in the investigation is due to the time taken to

  2. Investigate the relationship between temperature and resistance in a thermistor.

    To calculate the resistance in the next experiment I will also measure the Voltage using a voltmeter. I need to do this because although I am keeping the voltage the same on the power pack this may not be accurate due to the change in resistance round the circuit.

  1. Investigating the effect of 'length' on the resistance of a wire

    I could have used more accurate or better equipment to record my results, in this case a digital voltmeter and ammeter, they will give readings accurate up to 2d.p. * The ammeter and the voltmeter were probably not placed exactly at the zero mark prior to the experiment.

  2. I am going to investigate what the resistivity is of a pencil lead. ...

    I will measure the diameter with the micrometer and then use this diameter through every calculation that it is needed. However I will measure the diameter a few times to make sure that the diameter is correct. The diameter has to be the same, as the larger the diameter the less the resistance is.

  1. Investigate the variation of the resistance of a thermistor with different temperatures.

    * The multi-meter: Different multi-meters may have different responses so the same one will be used for all readings. * The speed the water cools at: If the water cools too fast then the thermistor may not respond fast enough.

  2. Characteristics of Ohmic and Non Ohmic Conductors.

    Obtaining Evidence From the above-mentioned materials we will perform the experiment. I was taken to the lab where I had to carry out each of the experiments and take down the readings individually. The following listed is the difference in specifications form the original equipment provided and the plan.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work