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Physics Course work 'What is the Higgs Boson'

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jack Lie

What is Higgs Boson

the Understanding of

higgs boson


What is higgs boson

physic course work

2012

the understanding of higgs boson

  1. What is higgs boson

For centuries, the standard model of elementary particle has always been known of “the theory of everything”. However, some questions are still not answered. Dr. Peter Ware Higgs, one of the founders of the Higgs Boson, hence the reason why the Higgs Boson is named after him, asked the question ‘Where did mass came from?’ Many people have never thought about it before and assume the mass is just a property that particles have. The fundamental particle, the Higgs Boson is the particle that he believes that would solve the question. Physicists have been looking for proves of the mysterious particle of Higgs’ theory, the Higgs Boson, the particle that theoretically gives all particle in existence their masses. If the particle is proven to exist, lots of other theories could be explained, hence the importance of this particle.

Higgs Boson is a very unstable particle and will decay almost immediately after being created.

To describe what a Higgs Boson is, first we need to know what a Boson is.

...read more.

Middle

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Imagine there is a party and the room is filled with people. Everyone is chatting with each other when all the sudden a celebrity (ex-prime- Minister is used in Prof. David J. Miller’s version) is enter the room and the people closer to the celebrity immediately surround him. As he is trying to get from one end of the room to the other end, more people goes closer towards him, but the speed of the celebrity walking remains the same.

The Higgs Mechanism behaves in similar ways, but instead of the celebrity, we have an elementary particle going through the Higgs field in a constant speed. The Higgs Boson is gaining more and more momentum as it is going through the Higgs field, but because the speed is constant and:                                                                  Momentum = mass x velocity

Therefore the mass of the particle is the value that is changing, and we can conclude that mass is gaining by particles in the Higgs field if this theory is proven to be correct.

But what actually is the Higgs field? They are the “empty” spaces between particles that also give the particles masses.

...read more.

Conclusion

Ian Sample and James Randerson, What is the Higgs boson?, the guardian

The same author as the book: MASSIVE: THE HUNT FOR THE GOD PARTICLE. This time it includes more up-to-date information in it.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2011/dec/13/higgs-boson-lhc-explained

Michael D. Lemonick (2012), The Higgs Boson: Have Scientists Found the Mystery Particle? , TIMES Science

Provided a basic idea of what the Higgs Boson and where the research is being done.

http://www.time.com/time/health/article/0,8599,2108525,00.html        

The Higgs Boson and the Mystery of Mass, space math, NASA [4]

This is actually a weekly exercise provided by space math which is organized by NASA. It explained why the mass of Higgs is not constant and includes an equation explaining that.

http://spacemath.gsfc.nasa.gov/weekly/6Page86.pdf

(2011), Higgs field gives mass, not the Higgs boson, The Hindu

http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/science/article2714897.ece

Video about the Higgs Boson:

This is basically an eight minute video on an interview with a scientist in CERN. The video’s description states: A visit with particle physicist Daniel Whiteson at CERN, where he talks about what the mysterious Higgs Boson is and how the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will find it (if it exists).

www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iimom5WPrSA

...read more.

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