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Risk Factors of CHD

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Risk Factors of CHD Age & Sex Risk of CHD increases with age as damage to arteries develops slowly and the effects of other factors take effect. In middle age, men are far more likely to develop CHD than women but this evens out at an older age. Genetic Factors CHD tends to run in families, mostly in those where heart attacks occur in or before middle age. ...read more.


High Blood Pressure risk factors of HBP are genetics, high salt intake, lack of exercise and alcoholism. HBP can cause arteries to develop thicker walls and theref. the lumen to become narrower. This narrowing increases BP even more which can damage the inner surface making atheroma more likely to develop. This can also cause heart damage; the ventricles can enlarge or heart failure may occur as a result of irregularity of the heartbeat. ...read more.


However, when the diet contains excess fats (esp. Saturated fats) the quantity of LDLs in the blood rises and risk of developing CHD is increased. The blood also contains HDL's which have a higher proportion of protein in their structure. They absorb excess cholesterol and return it to the liver to be removed from the blood. People with a high ratio of HDL's to LDL's have a lower risk of developing CHD. ...read more.

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