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Should Cloning be allowed to continue?

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Introduction

ARGUE, PERSUADE & DISCUSS Should Cloning be allowed to continue? In the 1970's, scientists discovered that strands of DNA could be cut, which could cut out genetic combinations. DNA contains information about the genes which particular organisms hold. Duplicates of genes are also possible through genetic engineering and are very useful for medical purposes. Advances in technology have raised issues such as animal and human cloning. These issues have caused many different sided arguments. Some people feel that cloning should be banned, however they never look at its medical value. There are already drug and medicine manufactures all over the world that are trying to produce vaccines against Malaria, antibodies against HIV, as well as proteins to treat haemophilia, muscle disease, internal intestinal infections, rheumatoid arthritis, cystic fibrosis and emphysema. These same companies are also working on proteins to help digest fat and proteins to serve as nutritional supplements for infants, as well as different proteins, which are found in human blood - in cow's milk. None of these treatments would be possible in the future if cloning were banned. The Safety of genetic engineering is something that presents much concern. Looking at the current precautions and previous precautions of the bio-technological industry can clear up the safety issue. The Food and Drug Administration and State Governments in America impose limits such as the illegalisation of human cloning and limits on other genetic engineering processes. ...read more.

Middle

"The new science of genetic engineering aims to take a dramatic shortcut in the slow process of evolution". What is meant by the previous quote is that scientists hope to take a gene from an organism and change it so that it will be immune to certain diseases and free from cancer. For example, many years ago small pox was widely spread. Today it is almost non-existent, because of the evolution of man. The only problem with this was it took hundreds of years for our genetic code to adapt and make our bodies fight it. With the help of genetic engineering it could take a lot less time to wipe these sorts of diseases off the face of the earth. Plants are also being genetically engineered. This type of genetic engineering is more commonly accepted, but why? It is no different for a plant to be able to fight off pests then it is for a human to be able to fight off diseases. This is a contradiction, because society is saying that it is all right for a plant to be genetically engineered but not a human. Many people also think that this new biotechnology is letting scientists and doctors play God. These doctors are not trying to recreate human science; they are just trying to perfect its flaws. Doctors and scientists have already helped diabetics with their synthetic insulin, and unfertile parents are now able to have children. ...read more.

Conclusion

These sciences are not perfect but maybe in a few years it will be a great benefit to the human race. There are many doctors prepared to make the first human clone such as Professor Severino Antinori. However there are many doctors who feel the procedure would be unsafe such as Dr Harry Griffin (who worked on the Dolly project). I myself feel that it would be immoral to clone humans just for the sake of it. It is unsafe to clone humans, it took 277 attempts to clone Dolly - imagine the loss of 277 human lives, it would be a scandal. The overwhelming reaction from most people was that human cloning should not be done. The fear that people have toward genetic engineering is not new to science. Ever since the beginning of science, man has been afraid of the unknown. Space travel and flying were not widely accepted until the twentieth century and was completely absurd just one hundred years ago. Today they are widely accepted and are used everyday. Genetic engineering is in the first stage of its discovery and will emerge in the twenty first century and will be as accepted as flying and space travel are accepted today. In my opinion the people of the world should stop holding back the evolution of science and realise its possibilities for future generations. Yet I do believe that genetic experimentation should not be carried out on humans until it is perfected. James McLoughlin 12M ...read more.

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