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Should Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening be available free for anyone to use?

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Introduction

Should Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening be available free for anyone to use? Introduction This report is going to be about Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening and whether or not it should be available to anybody, free, who wants to have a baby. I am going to be looking at two topics which are Aneuploidy and Sex selection. The reason why I am going to be talking about these two topics is because Aneuploidy is an inherited disease caused when there is a change in the number of chromosomes. I shall also be talking about sex selection because in order to do so, PGS must be used. Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening is when chromosomes of embryos are taken from In-vitro fertilisation. Once this is collected, the embryo will be screened for abnormalities or problems to do with the chromosomes. The procedure helps the doctor to be able to find the embryo with no chromosomal abnormalities which will then be ready for implantation into the womb. PGS reduces the child of having any sort of disorders due to a genetic or chromosomal problem. However, some people do think that this procedure should not be taking place. Currently who is it available to? It is not available to all women, it is only for those who 1. ...read more.

Middle

Another reason why parents may want to use sex selection may be to have a balanced family. Couples that already have a child may want to have another child of a different sex so that there is a balance in gender within the family. This is a popular reason between couples. The process of Sex selection 1. It involves the process of IVF- In-vitro fertilisation. 2. Once the egg is fertilised, a single cell is removed from each embryo. (Male and Female) 3. After the gender of all the embryos is determined, the embryo of the gender that the couple chose are taken and then implanted into the mother. Arguments FOR Sex Selection being legalised Avoiding sex ? linked diseases Diseases like haemophilia, colour blindness, Aneuploidy, etc Family Gender Balancing Couples who want to have sons and daughters Helping Population Control Families don?t have to feel the need to continue to have children until they have one of the desired genders Saving unwanted Babies There are more than 550,000 sex related abortions each year, and that accounts for 90% of all abortions. Back in March 2005, there was a radical report by the UK parliament's committee on science and technology backed the regime for sex selection to be legalised, as seen in the following extract : ?The controversial document makes many other bold suggestions on human reproductive technologies. ...read more.

Conclusion

Dr Simon Fishel and his fertility team at Nottingham based care fertility have treated 6 patients costing them around £7000. Half of this was funded by the NHS but most couple needed 1-3 courses costing them around £20,000. This may seem like a hell of a lot of money, but it saves ever so much more in the long-term. To look after a disabled child it could cost the parents around £1-2 million. Evaluation As you can see, my argument on whether Pre-Implantation Genetic Screening should be free for anyone to use is strongly supported by facts and opinions of senior medical professionals. It has many advantages, such as reducing the number of children born with inherited diseases, detecting carriers of the faulty gene, helping population control and decreasing the number of heartbroken parents dealing with the death of their newborn child, just to name a few. However, it will probably be a few decades till a strong rule, which is agreed by everyone, is passed down on this issue. Although PGS has been incorporated into the care of patients undergoing IVF treatment, its indications, utility, and outcomes remain an active area of research in reproductive medicine. As preimplantation screening for medical disorders at the embryonic level optimises, its place in medicine and society will continue to generate great controversy and ethical debate. ...read more.

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