• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The application of enzymes in industry and medicine.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THE APPLICATION OF ENZYMES IN INDUSTRY AND MEDICINE. INDUSTRY In modern industry enzymes are used to control many different reactions. For example they are used to ferment beer, they are used to make detergents more efficient, they are used in the textile industry and in recycling. "The food processing industry uses a great many enzymes." An example of the use of enzymes in the food industry is in bread making. Traditionally in bread making the wheat flour used has its own natural enzymes that help to make the dough. The yeast also contains enzymes, these ferment sugars which produce CO2 and this is what causes the bread to rise. However in the modern day mass production of bread relying purely on the natural enzymes is not enough. ...read more.

Middle

"Brightly coloured sticky notes are an expensive nightmare for recycling plants." The post-it notes that are used in so many offices, school, homes and many other places are a major problem for recycling plants. The small globs of glue that are used on them are causing machinery to "gum" up. Normally, strong solvents are used to break down the glue, but these are harmful to the environment and are not pleasant to use. However, enzymes are now being used to tackle this problem. It has been discovered that Esterase enzymes can attack the glue and un-clog the recycling plants. This means that recycling plants don't have to waste time stopping machinery, nor do that have to worry about damaging the environment. ...read more.

Conclusion

This antibody is normally specific for the organism or antigen of interest. The basic principles of ELISA are; Antigens that have been made soluable in a buffer can be coated onto a plastic surface such as polystyrene (this can be done with or without an antibody). When a serum is added, antibodies can attach to the antigen on the solid phase. The presence or absence of these antibodies can be demonstrated with the help of a conjugate. The antibodies are joined to an enzyme, an example would be peroxidase. The addition of a substrate, such as HRPO, will then detect the amount of bound conjugate by a degree of colour produced, this can then be quantified. So enzymes have many important uses in the modern world. Especially in the fields of medicine and industry. Most of us take them for granted, but without them many things that we have, use and need could not work. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Molecules & Cells section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Molecules & Cells essays

  1. A Level Biology revision notes

    invading bacteria in the lungs * But the inflammation causes damage to the surrounding cells * Lesions may become hard or spongy, leaving "holes" in the lungs * Treated with a cocktail of antibiotics for 6 month Ability to Cause Disease * Depends on o Location - what tissue is

  2. Use of Enzymes in Industry and Medicine

    When blood is added to the strip the glucose oxidase metabolises the glucose to a measurable colour change to the amount of glucose in the blood. Therapeutic enzymes are used in medicines to replace enzyme deficiencies in patients. Also the enzyme protease is used in wound therapy in medicine.

  1. The Application of Enzymes in Industry and Medicine.

    During instances such as limited budget, too difficult to be extracted and purified, or when two or more enzymes are needed to work together. When using whole cells, the substrate has to diffuse into the cells before the reaction commences.

  2. The Application of Enzymes In Medicine

    This further illustrates the point that proteases are used widely in medicine. Enzymes are also used to cure illnesses for example "nuclease is considered as a possible therapy for cystic fibrosis," (5) and L-asparginase is used in cancer chemotherapy as it removes the nutrient needed for tumour growth in tissues, (7).

  1. Uses of enzymes In industry and Medicine

    Enzymes used in baking usually need to be thermo-labile which means that they denature while they are being baked. The enzyme glucose oxidase oxides sulphydryl groups to make dough more flexible and stronger.

  2. 'The application of enzymes in industry and medicine'.

    In humans, enzymes are used to supplement the natural amylase, lipase and protease produced normally by the pancreas. Many ethnic* groups also have a problem called lactose intolerance. This means as these people get older they lose the enzyme lactase (converts lactose into glucose and galactose).

  1. The use of enzymes in industry and medicine.

    In humans, enzymes can be used to supplement the natural amylase, lipase and protease produced normally in the pancreas. Some people have a problem known as lactose intolerance. This means that as these people get older they lose the enzyme lactase (which converts lactose into glucose and galactose).

  2. The application of enzymes in Industry and Medicine.

    The enzymes simply need to be filtered off and the product will be ready for use. In some cases, micro-organisms are preferred as the source of enzymes. They have many advantages: * They produce more enzyme molecules in relation to their mass than other organisms.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work