• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Arguments For And Against The Uses Of Recombinant DNA Technology

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Arguments For And Against The Uses Of Recombinant DNA Technology Advances in genetics and molecular biology in the 1970s initiated the development and progress of recombinant DNA technology. Today, genetic engineering plays a very important role, not only in scientific research, but also in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. The objectives of recombinant DNA technology include identifying genes, isolating genes, modifying genes, and re-expressing genes in other hosts or organisms. These steps permit scientists and clinicians to identify new genes and the proteins they encode, to correct endogenous genetic defects, and to manufacture large quantities of specific gene products such as hormones, vaccines, and other biological agents of medical interest. The latest field of medicine to benefit from the advantages of recombinant DNA technology is reproductive endocrinology. Genetic engineering produces proteins that offer advantages over proteins isolated from other biological sources. These advantages may include: * High purity - this means that the bad genes will be filtered out so that the genes are efficient to do what they are required to do * High specific activity - This means that the recombinant DNA can be used to accurately specify in certain areas and the genes, which carry out certain tasks, can specify in certain areas. ...read more.

Middle

Many people all over the world suffer from a lack of sugar in their body. Bovine and porcine insulin was used which was very similar to human insulin but then it was realised that many people produced anti bodies against this insulin which neutralised its actions. Another factor was that people had to constantly inject them selves for the rest of their lives with this insulin to keep them alive. Then came research in to inserting the insulin gene into a suitable vector in the human. This would cause the E. coli bacteria cell, to produce an insulin which is chemically identical to its naturally produced counterpart. This is an example of how recombinant DNA can be used to help people who have medical problems. With this system the human is producing a protein inside of them which will provide them constantly with insulin meaning that they don't need to constantly take injections. This way is not only saving the person with this defect time but will also make them physically and mentally more confident as they will know that every thing they do that the insulin will still be being produced inside their body to keep the level of sugar inside them at a suitable level. ...read more.

Conclusion

People will have the power to change that they are in a genetic sense and nobody will be able to stop them. People will no longer be what they were supposed to be but just a genetically modified human being. Where could a limit be drawn to say only certain things can be done using recombinant DNA and can only be used by certain people. Although it is a wonderful solution to a lot of disease it is also a way of changing the human gene and as time goes on the main question will always be when do we stop. Maybe one day everybody will be a genetically modifies human being and their will no longer exist the human being as we know it today. At the end of the day someone must decide if this process is going to carry on and if the answer is yes how far until the line is drawn. Information found from: Biology by Michael Roberts, Michael Reiss and Grace Monger AS Biology by Bill Indge, Martin Rowland and Magraret Baker Encarta Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopedia www.poetsrx.com http://esg-www.mit.edu:8001/esgbio/rdna/rdnadir.html http://molecularmedicine.com Nicky Dutta ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    MENTAL HEALTH

    4 star(s)

    Advertisers use words like "crazy" to convey that their prices are unrealistically low and to suggest the consumers can take advantage of them. (eople with mental disorders are, many times, not described accurately or realistically in the media. Movies, television and boohttp://www.cmha.ca/bins/content_page.asp?cid=3)

  2. Investigate how the height to width ratio of Limpets varies with distance from sea

    There was very little wave action due to weather conditions being favourable and the rocks on the shore reducing wave impact. Although these results were only collected on the first day of the investigation, weather conditions did not change considerably over night and were therefore not expected to differ largely, which confirms my previously discovered background information.

  1. Recombinant DNA, genetically engineered DNA prepared in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and ...

    DNA "fingerprinting," a new detection and identification method, was announced in 1985 by the British geneticist Alec Jeffreys. DNA is the genetic material found in all body cells. Except for identical twins, the DNA code for each individual is as unique as fingerprints.

  2. patterns of growth and development

    It takes a lot of practice before it becomes automatic to be able to do it. The legs of a new born baby need to have time for further growth and development before they are able to walk. Muscles such as the legs, hips and back need to strengthen.

  1. 'The use of recombinant DNA technology can only benefit humans'

    processing and manufacturing in there food and consumers could enjoy cheaper, more plentiful food and maybe better flavour, colour and texture and perhaps increased nutritional value in there food. Though there are many advantages to genetically modified food there also many disadvantages to go with them.

  2. Oncogenes are genes that cause cancer.

    Three features of retroviruses account for their utility in the analysis of tumor development. First, they have been found in a large number of vertebrate species and they induce many types of tumors: experimental models for most major forms of human cancer.

  1. Chromosomes and DNA

    haemophilia Sickle-cell anaemia Sickle-cell anaemia is caused by a recessive allele for the haemoglobin gene. This results in the production of abnormal haemoglobin. Individuals homozygous for this allele suffer sickle-cell anaemia. Red cells that contain the abnormal haemoglobin change shape and become sickled when the oxygen levels are low.

  2. DNA Technology in Medicine

    and "polygenic" disorders (illnesses where several genes are involved)1. This technology has developed from the findings of the Human Genome Project which has as its primary aim the improvement of human health. The dream is finally becoming a reality. A recent example is that of an eighteen month old baby who was cured of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work