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The case for and against genetic engineering

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Introduction

The case for and against genetic engineering I will look at the case for and against the use of genetic engineering and make a conclusion on whether or not I believe that it is right. As I believe in genetic engineering, I will start buy looking at the reasons that support it. The main reason that I support genetic engineering is that this technology has dramatically improved our ability to treat and even cure diseases and gentic disorders. If mRNA is isolated and incubated with reverse transcriptase, copies of the insulin genes can be produced. Density gradient centrifugation is used that allows large amount of insulin to be extracted. The reason why this is important is that "it has been estimated that 60 million people in the world who have diabetes and who require daily injections of insulin" and "genetically engineered insulin human insulin is cheaper to produce and less likely to produce allergic reactions". ...read more.

Middle

This important for British farmers if they are wanting to sell their products abroad. Also GM crops can be "grown in areas of famine where there is poor rainfall". (Bio Factsheet Number 69 Page 3). This is important as it means developing countries have a better chance of being self sufficient. The Guide to Biotechnology (Page 3) states that it is possible with "genetic modification to improve existing proteins, usually enzymes, and to create proteins not found in nature". This is important as the enzymes can be adapted to work at lower temperatures than chemical catalysts. The main benefit I believe this has is that it saves energy, which means that it is better for the environment and also the producers of the enzymes as they will be able to make reactions happened at lower temperatures and save money. I must also consider the reasons against the use of genetic engineering. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another reason against genetic is that the " creation of 'transgenic' organisms, where a short section of genetic material from an unrelated species can be introduced to another" is not moral and the results are not always effective. (What is genetic engineering? Page 2/3). If the desired result will only be achieved sometimes, then it is reasonable to suggest that genetic engineering is too much of a risk. Religious groups have taken different stances on genetic engineering and as an atheist I must say that some seem unsupported. Jews are divided on the topic as they prone to Tay Sachs disease. " The disease is controlled by a pair of genes on chromosome 15. If both genes are inactive the person has the disease and dies very young". (Genetic Engeering Page 1) Genetic engineering is the only way to cure the disease by "artificial conception". (Genetic Engineering Page 2) I believe that genetic engineering should be used to cure this disease and that it should be left up to the individual to decided to use genetically modified genes to replaced pathogenic ones. ...read more.

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