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The Effects of Smoking on the Human Body

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Issue Report The effects of smoking on the Human Body In this issue report I will be going into detail about the subject of smoking and its effects on the body. The main two aspects I will be covering and answering questions to are whether there is a correlation between smoking and damage to the lungs and heart, for example, respiratory problems and cardiovascular disease. The other aspect is whether there is a link between smoking and lung cancer. These aspects relate to biology as they are both linked with the human body and ways it can be affected by smoking. The purpose of this investigation is to give people who smoke a clear understanding of the affects, dangers and damage smoking causes. Many companies against smoking use facts and smoking related diseases to scare people into quitting, such as, 'The strain put on your body by smoking often causes years of suffering. Emphysema is an illness that slowly rots your lungs. People with emphysema often get bronchitis again and again, and suffer lung and heart failure'. As well as facts, some companies will use images to alert people to the dangers and damage smoking causes on the body. It has always been said that smoking causes damage to the lungs and the heart, however certain campaigners believe it isn't as ...read more.


The destruction of forests is one of the world's largest environmental issues and therefore will have a vast number of organizations such as Green Peace against tobacco industries as well. Social issues behind cigarettes Most people in the UK are aware of the dangers of smoking, this helps keep the overall percentage down to a minimum. According to most experts 'the problem starts in childhood' if your parents smoke you are twice as likely to, this may also lead to smoking at an early age which will lead to problems earlier than usual for most smokers. Teenagers are susceptible to fashion and therefore if a friend starts to wear the latest clothes you will copy them, this can sometimes apply with cigarettes too as teenagers think it looks 'cool'. Some children and teenagers can be persuaded to have a cigarette through peer pressure, for example, if all you friends are doing it why shouldn't you? Generally, when a person has a first cigarette they will become light headed and feel relaxed and happy, this will lead to them wanting another one to get this effect again. When smokers try to quit they are punished with irritability, snappiness, anger, frustration and lack of concentration, when they are forced to have a cigarette to remove these symptoms they are supporting the need to start smoking again. ...read more.


It is a known carcinogen and is connected with leukaemia. 4) Carbon monoxide, this is an odourless, tasteless and poisonous gas, rapidly fatal in large amounts - it's the same gas that comes out of car exhausts and is the main gas in cigarette smoke, formed cigarettes are alight. There are over 4000 chemicals in cigarette smoke most of which are dangerous. The future for smoking The government may have enforced the law to ban smoking in public places such as pubs, restaurants and the workplace to help prevent deaths from second hand smoke. However did this have a large effect on smokers? According to doctors second-hand smoke kills more than 600 people a year. The Health Secretary, Alan Johnson believed that the ban was a great idea and will help save lives. He says "A smoke-free country will improve the health of thousands of people, reduce the temptation to smoke and encourage smokers to quit". To be quite frank, to see the future of smoking you only have to look at a packet of cigarettes to see the blackened lung of a heavy smoker or watch a television advert to spot a cigarette stub not quite put out leading to fire within someone's home. Ultimately, what is the future for smoking? I'm sure we'll all kick the habit eventually, but we're not just there yet. ?? ?? ?? ?? James Banham 23/01/09 2 ...read more.

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