• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Future Impact That the Human Genome

Extracts from this document...


Biology Essay: The Future Impact That the Human Genome Project Will Have on Our Lives The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international combined research program whose objective is to find out the complete mapping and understanding of all the genes in human beings. All our genes together are known as our 'genome', hence the term Human Genome Project. The main goals of the project are to: * Identify all the approximate 30,000 genes in the human DNA * Determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA * Store this information in databases * Improve tools for data analysis * Transfer related technologies to the private sector, and * Address the Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project. To help reach these goals, researchers are also studying the genetic makeup of other nonhuman organisms such as the bacterium in the human gut known as Ascherichia coli. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) ...read more.


Researchers have already identified single genes associated with a number of diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and neurofibromatosis. Genetic weakness has caught up in many major disabling and fatal diseases including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and several kinds of cancer. The identification of these genes will pave the way to effective therapies and prevention methods. The ultimate goal of the HGP, I think, is to use this information to develop new ways to treat, cure, or even prevent the thousands of diseases that afflict humankind. HGP will also provide many new possibilities in areas of modern day problems such as forensics. For example DNA can be used to identify suspects from evidence, such as blood and hair left at crime scenes. Victims and paternal relationships can also be identified using DNA. Although the HGP provides many advantages for the future, researchers and lawmakers do agree that the increasing knowledge about human biology and personal genetic information would raise a number of complex issues for individuals and society. ...read more.


Due to high cost involved, developing countries will be denied of any benefits of HGP. The government should implement programs to emphasize the privacy of genetic information, fairness in its use and public education. In conclusion, I strongly agree with the critics who believe that success of the HGP will lead to exploitation of the technology and result in ethical problems such as abortion. If an embryo was diagnosed to have a certain genetic disease, there is a pressure on the parents to carry out abortion. Do the parents have the right to kill their child just because he/she has the possibility of developing a certain disease? There are also ethical concerns on human cloning. As technology advances, there maybe a day that parents can choose the ideal genes for their future child. Not only can they eliminate possibilities of getting diseases, but good qualities such as being intelligent, athletic, good looking, can also be chosen before a child is born. Is this good or bad? It is always good to have healthier and more intelligent people to contribute to the society, but will this become a privilege of the rich, who could afford the cost of technology? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Human Genome Project

    5 star(s)

    Instead, most tests offer much more limited information about how much more likely a person is to develop a disease compared to someone who tests "normal."

  2. Peer reviewed

    Discuss the Impact of Genome Sequences on the Study of Development

    5 star(s)

    The use of mutants at that time was very important in order to understand the wild type phenotypes. But still there was a huge conceptual gap between genes and phenotype. Work done in the 1940's showed the site specificity of genes, being expressed in some but not all tissues.

  1. The Biology of Autistic Spectrum Disorder and the Social Implications

    This inability to fully decipher the world around them often makes education stressful. Teachers need to be aware of a student's disorder, and ideally should have specific training in autism education, so that they are able to help the student get the best out of his or her classroom experiences.

  2. Recombinant DNA, genetically engineered DNA prepared in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and ...

    In the language of genetics and heredity, the carriers of some genes may survive more often or be more prolific than the carriers of other genes. Thus certain genes are more efficiently transmitted to succeeding generations than other genes, and the "inferior" genes become less frequent with each successive generation.

  1. Oncogenes are genes that cause cancer.

    In accordance with the dosage hypothesis, when the src-promoter complex was introduced into cells, some of the cells were transformed as if they had received a viral oncogene, whereas what they had received was a cellular gene under viral orders to work harder than usual.

  2. Human Genome Project. The work on interpretation of genome data is still in its ...

    people who are identified as being at high risk because of a strong family medical history for the disorder. Medicine Pharmacogenomics is the study of how an individual's genetic inheritance affects the body's response to drugs. Pharmacogenomics holds the promise that drugs might one day be tailor-made for individuals and adapted to each person's own genetic makeup.

  1. Free essay

    Outline the impact on the evolution of plants and animals of: ...

    The purpose of the hybridisation is to increase milk yield and quality. The milk yield of the Jersey-Sahiwal crossbred cows is generally higher than that of either the Jerseys or the Sahiwals.

  2. GCSE Biology Revision

    -Makes bile (greenish alkaline liquid, not an enzyme) fore digestion. Bile neutralises the acid mixture from the stomach, emulsifies fats, stops pepsin working. -Stores the bile in the gall bladder. -Releases the bile through the bile duct into the duodenum. -Makes Fibrinogen which is used in clotting the blood -Produces heat to maintain body temperature The Pancreas: Juices from this gland pass down the pancreatic duct.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work