• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Future Impact That the Human Genome

Extracts from this document...


Biology Essay: The Future Impact That the Human Genome Project Will Have on Our Lives The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international combined research program whose objective is to find out the complete mapping and understanding of all the genes in human beings. All our genes together are known as our 'genome', hence the term Human Genome Project. The main goals of the project are to: * Identify all the approximate 30,000 genes in the human DNA * Determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA * Store this information in databases * Improve tools for data analysis * Transfer related technologies to the private sector, and * Address the Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project. To help reach these goals, researchers are also studying the genetic makeup of other nonhuman organisms such as the bacterium in the human gut known as Ascherichia coli. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) ...read more.


Researchers have already identified single genes associated with a number of diseases, such as cystic fibrosis and neurofibromatosis. Genetic weakness has caught up in many major disabling and fatal diseases including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and several kinds of cancer. The identification of these genes will pave the way to effective therapies and prevention methods. The ultimate goal of the HGP, I think, is to use this information to develop new ways to treat, cure, or even prevent the thousands of diseases that afflict humankind. HGP will also provide many new possibilities in areas of modern day problems such as forensics. For example DNA can be used to identify suspects from evidence, such as blood and hair left at crime scenes. Victims and paternal relationships can also be identified using DNA. Although the HGP provides many advantages for the future, researchers and lawmakers do agree that the increasing knowledge about human biology and personal genetic information would raise a number of complex issues for individuals and society. ...read more.


Due to high cost involved, developing countries will be denied of any benefits of HGP. The government should implement programs to emphasize the privacy of genetic information, fairness in its use and public education. In conclusion, I strongly agree with the critics who believe that success of the HGP will lead to exploitation of the technology and result in ethical problems such as abortion. If an embryo was diagnosed to have a certain genetic disease, there is a pressure on the parents to carry out abortion. Do the parents have the right to kill their child just because he/she has the possibility of developing a certain disease? There are also ethical concerns on human cloning. As technology advances, there maybe a day that parents can choose the ideal genes for their future child. Not only can they eliminate possibilities of getting diseases, but good qualities such as being intelligent, athletic, good looking, can also be chosen before a child is born. Is this good or bad? It is always good to have healthier and more intelligent people to contribute to the society, but will this become a privilege of the rich, who could afford the cost of technology? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Research Project - Could stems cells provide a cure for diabetes?

    4 star(s)

    If more people were aware of the factors that cause a higher risk in being diagnosed with diabetes; it would mean that people would be more conscious as to make a decision about their lifestyle and health. Medication is a great way to help people who may be genetically harmed;

  2. The Biology of Autistic Spectrum Disorder and the Social Implications

    A diagnosis is based on the symptoms of ASD, which means that a diagnosis will be made after a number of observations. This observation includes children's communicational skills, development skills and observing their behaviour patterns. To make sure that a correct diagnosis is made, observations may be made in such

  1. Free essay

    Outline the impact on the evolution of plants and animals of: ...

    Cloning is expensive with limited advantages over reproductive techniques. Cloning of animals has raised ethical questions about the cloning of humans. The health/life expectancy of cloned animals is questionable, with the death of Dolly the sheep being earlier than expected. * Outline the processes used to produce transgenic species and include examples of this process and reasons for its

  2. Human Genome Project. The work on interpretation of genome data is still in its ...

    able to analyze a patient's genetic profile and prescribe the best available drug therapy from the beginning. This will not only take the guesswork out of finding the right drug, it will speed recovery time and increase safety as the possiblility of side effects is eliminated.

  1. What is the Human Genome Project?

    to predict that biology will be the foremost science of the 21st century. Technology and resources generated by the Human Genome Project and other genomics research are already having a major impact on research across the life sciences. The potential for commercial development of genomics research presents U.S.

  2. Recombinant DNA, genetically engineered DNA prepared in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and ...

    Collectively, this storehouse forms the human genome. The techniques of genetic engineering allow scientists to identify specific genes, to remove any one of those genes from an organism's chromosome, to clone or make a large number of identical copies of that gene, to analyze a copy in detail, to modify

  1. Oncogenes are genes that cause cancer.

    There is now very little evidence to support such models. Retroviruses The sarcoma virus discovered by Rous belongs to a family known as the retroviruses, which are the only tumor viruses with an RNA genome. Retroviruses have provided the most coherent view of oncogenesis now available.

  2. Human Genome Paper

    Should information about an individual's genetic makeup become available to others without that person's knowledge and permission? How can we assure that genetic information does not lead to stigmatization or to discrimination in areas such as insurance or employment? These are just some questions that people raise when talking about the human genome.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work