• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Human Genome Project

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international research effort to characterise the genomes of human and selected model organisms through complete mapping and sequencing of their DNA. This massive research project has key aims that include the development of technologies for genomic analysis, to examine the ethical, legal and social implications of human genetics research, and to train scientists who will be able to utilise the tools and resources developed through the HGP and ultimately to pursue biological studies that will improve human health. Looking now in more detail at the actual program itself, the HGP is an international research project initially run by the Department of Energy, the National Institutes of Health and the Government in the United States, designed to construct detailed genetic and physical maps of the human genome, to determine the complete nucleotide sequence of human DNA, to localise the estimated 50,000-100,000 genes within the human genome, and to perform similar analyses on the genomes of several other organisms used extensively in research labs as model systems. ...read more.

Middle

So there may be the opportunity to create human clones, but what is there that can stop people doing this? Looking at the legal issues concerning genetics in this country there is actually no law in the United Kingdom to prevent or regulate human cloning by the technique known as cell nuclear replacement (CNR), which produced Dolly the sheep. This was the upshot of a ruling in the High Court on 15 November 2001. As the law now stands, the judge's ruling implies, any scientist in Britain is free to try to produce human clones by this method, and to do whatever he likes with them if he succeeds. Even in the last couple of days there have been claims of scientists in America having already created a human embryo clone. The 'culprits' say, "Our intention is not to create cloned human beings, but rather to make lifesaving therapies for a wide range of human disease conditions, including diabetes, strokes, cancer, Aids, and neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease." ...read more.

Conclusion

Religion regards Gods as being the fathers of the planet and that genetic technology is the answer to becoming rebels and breaking away, almost as if forming an alliance with the devil and performing evil tasks. Coming back to the issue of 'test-tube babies', this is a technique that has been successfully used in the past. Moral issues come into play, similar to those concerning abortion, regarding the classification of the human created. It is not right to create people for their body parts because cloning for intended destruction can easily be passed as murder in a court of law. There are arguments whether the creation is a life or not. Who owns it and is it right to put a clone through all the suffering if anything does go wrong? So many social, ethical, moral, legal implications etc. may go so far as hindering the development of genetics into dangerous territories but in reality it can always be considered as an inevitable accident waiting to happen. ?? ?? ?? ?? - 1 - By Milan Shah ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Human Genome Project

    5 star(s)

    Instead, most tests offer much more limited information about how much more likely a person is to develop a disease compared to someone who tests "normal."

  2. Marked by a teacher

    MENTAL HEALTH

    4 star(s)

    the person who uses services, their family and society in both short and long term Living with bipolar disorder from diagnosis to treatment A person with bipolar disorder often lives for years without being correctly diagnosed. People may not see their high energy or overjoyed periods as a problem, and don't look for treatment.

  1. Peer reviewed

    The cloning of Dolly.

    4 star(s)

    Limbs for amputees may be able to be regenerated. Defective genes The average person carries 8 defective genes inside them. These defective genes allow people to become sick when they would otherwise remain healthy. With human cloning and its technology it may be possible to ensure that we no longer suffer because of our defective genes.

  2. The Biology of Autistic Spectrum Disorder and the Social Implications

    This will help those with ASD, depending at what end of the spectrum they are on to live a near normal life. 'How' is for how is the plan for education going to be implemented? How are schools going to be short-listed as the school with the right training?

  1. Cell Theory - Discuss the theory that living organisms are composed of cells.

    Translation: * ribosome: made of rRNA and protein * polysome: ribosome group working cooperatively to speed up translation * start codon: initiates translation * GTP (guanidine triphosphate) hydrolysis provides energy for peptide bondage between amino acids * peptidyl transferase: catalyzes peptide bond forming between amino acids; lets tRNA exit ribosome

  2. patterns of growth and development

    Industry Versus Inferiority (Competence) This stage was said to happen during "school age". The child learns more skills such as following rules in a game that involves teamwork such as netball, they have to do homework and self-discipline increases yearly.

  1. The Human Genome Project.

    through the listing of ELSI Project Descriptions and through the online grant product and publication list. In the Fall of 1998, after a year-long evaluation and planning process overseen by the ELSI Research Planning and Evaluation Group (ERPEG), the ELSI programs at DOE and NIH identified five new goals for the ELSI Research program.

  2. Possible Cures For Migraines

    As with migraine preventative medication, a doctor prescribing acute treatments will base their decision on an assessment of disability (the effects of the migraine attacks, not necessarily how often they happen). Assessing disability will help a doctor to prescribe the right care.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work