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The Human Genome Project

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Introduction

The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project (HGP) is an international research effort to characterise the genomes of human and selected model organisms through complete mapping and sequencing of their DNA. This massive research project has key aims that include the development of technologies for genomic analysis, to examine the ethical, legal and social implications of human genetics research, and to train scientists who will be able to utilise the tools and resources developed through the HGP and ultimately to pursue biological studies that will improve human health. Looking now in more detail at the actual program itself, the HGP is an international research project initially run by the Department of Energy, the National Institutes of Health and the Government in the United States, designed to construct detailed genetic and physical maps of the human genome, to determine the complete nucleotide sequence of human DNA, to localise the estimated 50,000-100,000 genes within the human genome, and to perform similar analyses on the genomes of several other organisms used extensively in research labs as model systems.

Middle

So there may be the opportunity to create human clones, but what is there that can stop people doing this? Looking at the legal issues concerning genetics in this country there is actually no law in the United Kingdom to prevent or regulate human cloning by the technique known as cell nuclear replacement (CNR), which produced Dolly the sheep. This was the upshot of a ruling in the High Court on 15 November 2001. As the law now stands, the judge's ruling implies, any scientist in Britain is free to try to produce human clones by this method, and to do whatever he likes with them if he succeeds. Even in the last couple of days there have been claims of scientists in America having already created a human embryo clone. The 'culprits' say, "Our intention is not to create cloned human beings, but rather to make lifesaving therapies for a wide range of human disease conditions, including diabetes, strokes, cancer, Aids, and neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease."

Conclusion

Religion regards Gods as being the fathers of the planet and that genetic technology is the answer to becoming rebels and breaking away, almost as if forming an alliance with the devil and performing evil tasks. Coming back to the issue of 'test-tube babies', this is a technique that has been successfully used in the past. Moral issues come into play, similar to those concerning abortion, regarding the classification of the human created. It is not right to create people for their body parts because cloning for intended destruction can easily be passed as murder in a court of law. There are arguments whether the creation is a life or not. Who owns it and is it right to put a clone through all the suffering if anything does go wrong? So many social, ethical, moral, legal implications etc. may go so far as hindering the development of genetics into dangerous territories but in reality it can always be considered as an inevitable accident waiting to happen. ?? ?? ?? ?? - 1 - By Milan Shah

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