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The Human Genome Project

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The Human Genome Project By: Brooke Griffith The human genome project was designed in 1990 as a scientific undertaking in which the end result would be a complete mapping of the 100,000 human genes and their purpose in the creation of an individual (Khoury and Dorman, 1998). Since the beginning of the human genome project, there have been many discoveries related to causative factors of congenital disorders, as well as the discovery of genetic predisposition for chronic disorders, such as diabetes and Alzheimer's (Zimmern, 1999). Though these findings have given the world remarkable insight into the causative factors for various diseases, there are many legal, ethical, and social issues, as well as the impact on health care and health promotion that must be dealt with. ...read more.


This may cause future problems within the legal system once this information becomes available. There are also various social issues which must be addressed regarding the use of genetic information to determine risk for possible disease. A Gallop poll conducted in 1998 showed that 93% of people wish to be consented before allowing the government to research their genetic makeup (Khoury and Dorman, 1998). This information proves that most individuals wish to keep their genetic information private for fear of genetic discrimination. Also, there is a risk that a person's genetic information may fall into the wrong hands. Until regulations are placed, society may not be ready to handle such information. The ethical issues of genetic mapping can be discussed for days. ...read more.


With this information, health promoters can focus on educating those predisposed for obesity and possibly prevent occurrence. Also, environment has shown to increase occurrence in those showing a predisposition for disease, such as cancers. With knowledge of their increased risk, health promoters can encourage alteration of the environment in order to prevent disease. Society today is faced with several issues concerning genetics and the human genome project. There are several pros and cons for such knowledge and society today appears to be undereducated on how to deal with such important information regarding the human race. The only way in which society will be able to manage such information is by forming a plan now. A unified stand must be taken amongst the human race as to what will be done with this information once it becomes available. If not, I fear, a great deal of damage could be done. ...read more.

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