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The Human Genome project

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Introduction

The Human Genome project Introduction: -The human Genome project is a world wide, major initiative in genetics, with scientists from all over the world working on sequencing the four bases throughout human cells. It also aims to identify approximately 100,000 genes formed by these bases and to find the location of the genes on the 23 chromosomes. As part of this, the ethical, legal and social issues are considered and all of the findings are stored in a database for future reference and research. As a result of the findings the human Genome project aims to work out exactly which genes are responsible for different inherited diseases. In the U.K. this work has been done at the Sanger institute which was set up in 1992 by the welcome trust and medical research. This has been the main British contributor towards the project. Once the sequence of a base of the gene is known, you can then devise a possible test to see if it is present. ...read more.

Middle

Disease intervention will shed light on how faulty genes play a role in disease causation and it will help us to develop a new generation of therapeutics based on genes. When this is possible the drugs will be designed to target specific sites in the body with fewer side effects than many of the medicines used at present and it will then be possible to replace or supplement defective genes or to bolster immunity to disease. Some possible benefits stemming from this project are: 1. molecular medicine * improved diagnosis of disease * earlier detection of genetic predispositions to disease * rational drug design * gene therapy and control systems for drugs * pharmacogenomics "custom drugs" Having profound impacts on biomedical research and promise to revolutionise the wider spectrum of biological research and clinical medicine. Genome maps have aided researchers seeking genes associated with dozens of genetic conditions, including myotonic dystrophy, fragile X syndrome, neurofibromatosis types 1 and 2, inherited colon cancer, Alzheimer's disease, and familial breast cancer. ...read more.

Conclusion

agriculture, livestock breeding, and bioprocessing * disease-, insect-, and drought-resistant crops * healthier, more productive, disease-resistant farm animals * more nutritious produce * biopesticides * edible vaccines incorporated into food products * new environmental cleanup uses for plants like tobacco Around 1200 new genes have been discovered in humans because of mouse- human genome comparisons and whilst this was being discovered a further 9000 mouse genes were discovered for the first time. The ethical issues surrounding the human genome project I can appreciate from both sides. Whilst it is not right for a child to be made as a designer baby, as an ideal child with perfect teeth and eyes, It is meddling with technology that is not fully understood it is important for people with fatal diseases to be given the best chance of survival possible and for this reason I am in favour of the project and the medical advances it has produced but if it branches of into producing children who have been genetically produced I will oppose the decisions. ...read more.

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