• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Human Genome Project: The Debate

Extracts from this document...


The Human Genome Project: The Debate The Human Genome project began in 1990. It was a collaboration movement by the scientific community to better understand our genetic make up. The project involves scientists in many countries, including the Sanger centre in the UK. The project itself is aimed at working out the order of all 3 billion base pairs that make up the human genetic blue print or genome. The human genome is made up of about three billion base pairs, which contain 100,000 genes. Along with this, the project also aims to find the location of the genes on the 23 human chromosomes and store all this information for future research where it can be accessed worldwide. It is hoped that the project will also help develop even better tools for sequencing and analysis. The project not only affects the science world but also affects the business world. The desire of companies to sequence parts of the human genome ahead of the Institutes of Health has led to a multitude of company mergers and partnerships. ...read more.


Many people are concerned with the implications of the genome project. Many people believe that it is not worth the time or money to sequence the entire human genome when only a small percent is used to encode for proteins. They believe that this money and time would be better spent creating more enhanced medical treatments. Also, genetic testing is a concern as the results for some genetic tests the results are not clear cut and it questions the reliability of these tests as false results may be given. If a gene is found to be faulty and the person is found to have a disposition to that illness they may be discriminated against by employers and insurance companies. This would mean that people may not be employed because of their genetic makeup even though they may not even develop any illness. This is a great worry within the public. Genetic testing is fairly a new procedure and so is costly. This means that poorer people, the people who would benefit the most, may not be able to afford genetic testing. ...read more.


I think that the money and time spent on the completion of this project is worthwhile. I think that genetic tests are overall an asset as they are able to inform us of the chances of inheriting diseases and it helps us to gain a better understanding of the human body and its processes. I think that these tests should be monitored closely and efforts should be made to improve the reliability of the results. I do not think that every person should have a genetic test as this would make people very anxious over their health and may end up creating stress related health problems. I think that people should only be issued for genetic tests on the recommendation from their doctor or personal general practitioner (G.P). In response to the publics worry over access to the database I think that this is an issue which will need to be addressed as I think everyone has the right to this information without endangering the public. I think that employers/companies should not be allowed to an individual's personal genetic information unless it is appropriate for health reasons and if it is not appropriate the details should remain private under doctor patient confidentiality. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Human Genome Project

    5 star(s)

    Physical mapping determines the physical distance between landmarks on the chromosomes. The most precise physical mapping techniques combine robotics, lasers and computers to measure the distance between genetic markers. For these maps, DNA is extracted from human chromosomes and randomly broken into many pieces.

  2. Marked by a teacher


    4 star(s)

    signs as sleeping excessively or not at all, low energy levels and general apathy. Psychological illnesses associated with eating disorders In addition to common psychological signs, there are a variety of psychological illnesses that have been proven to associate with eating disorders, these are as follows: Conditions that can accompany

  1. Edexcel Level 3 Extended Project - Should Embyonic Stem Cell Research be applied to ...

    These can be induced to become bone, nerve, cardiac, cartilage, muscle and skin cells. Because of this, it shows much promise is the regenerative medicine field. It is currently in trials on patients with Multiple Sclerosis, Diabetes, Parkinson's and sufferers of strokes.

  2. Recombinant DNA, genetically engineered DNA prepared in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and ...

    A virus consists of a core of nucleic acid surrounded by a protein coat called a capsid; some viruses also have an outer envelope composed of fatty materials and proteins. The nucleic-acid core is the essential part of the virus--it carries the virus's genes.

  1. Who Should Have Access To Genetic Testing Results? Should Genetic Testing Be Mandatory. ...

    The information about genetic illnesses will play an important role in deciding whether insurers provide cover and what price they will charge for insurance premiums. The Association of British Insurers had confirmed it would recommend that insurers should not ask people to take genetic tests.

  2. Oncogenes are genes that cause cancer.

    but the genome of some tumor viruses appears to survive within the cell as a separate unit and to reproduce independently. At the moment it seems that the persistence of the viral genome is necessary for viral oncogenesis, either to maintain the influence of an oncogene over the cell or

  1. Human Genome

    The lengths of DNA from each pool are separated (Figure 3.2) by combining the pools and loading the combined material on to capillary columns which are able to determine the size of separate DNA strands and subsequently pass the separated strands through a laser-photomultiplier detector.

  2. Human Genome Paper

    There are other goals such as the mouse but the most exciting and anticipated one is that of the human genome. There is some competition out in the industry that is why the federal government added substantial amounts of money to this fund.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work