• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Human Genome Project: The Debate

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Human Genome Project: The Debate The Human Genome project began in 1990. It was a collaboration movement by the scientific community to better understand our genetic make up. The project involves scientists in many countries, including the Sanger centre in the UK. The project itself is aimed at working out the order of all 3 billion base pairs that make up the human genetic blue print or genome. The human genome is made up of about three billion base pairs, which contain 100,000 genes. Along with this, the project also aims to find the location of the genes on the 23 human chromosomes and store all this information for future research where it can be accessed worldwide. It is hoped that the project will also help develop even better tools for sequencing and analysis. The project not only affects the science world but also affects the business world. The desire of companies to sequence parts of the human genome ahead of the Institutes of Health has led to a multitude of company mergers and partnerships. ...read more.

Middle

Many people are concerned with the implications of the genome project. Many people believe that it is not worth the time or money to sequence the entire human genome when only a small percent is used to encode for proteins. They believe that this money and time would be better spent creating more enhanced medical treatments. Also, genetic testing is a concern as the results for some genetic tests the results are not clear cut and it questions the reliability of these tests as false results may be given. If a gene is found to be faulty and the person is found to have a disposition to that illness they may be discriminated against by employers and insurance companies. This would mean that people may not be employed because of their genetic makeup even though they may not even develop any illness. This is a great worry within the public. Genetic testing is fairly a new procedure and so is costly. This means that poorer people, the people who would benefit the most, may not be able to afford genetic testing. ...read more.

Conclusion

I think that the money and time spent on the completion of this project is worthwhile. I think that genetic tests are overall an asset as they are able to inform us of the chances of inheriting diseases and it helps us to gain a better understanding of the human body and its processes. I think that these tests should be monitored closely and efforts should be made to improve the reliability of the results. I do not think that every person should have a genetic test as this would make people very anxious over their health and may end up creating stress related health problems. I think that people should only be issued for genetic tests on the recommendation from their doctor or personal general practitioner (G.P). In response to the publics worry over access to the database I think that this is an issue which will need to be addressed as I think everyone has the right to this information without endangering the public. I think that employers/companies should not be allowed to an individual's personal genetic information unless it is appropriate for health reasons and if it is not appropriate the details should remain private under doctor patient confidentiality. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Human Genome Project

    5 star(s)

    Physical mapping determines the physical distance between landmarks on the chromosomes. The most precise physical mapping techniques combine robotics, lasers and computers to measure the distance between genetic markers. For these maps, DNA is extracted from human chromosomes and randomly broken into many pieces.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    MENTAL HEALTH

    4 star(s)

    goal and immediately sets another goal for further weight loss - Remains dissatisfied with appearance, claiming to feel fat, even after reaching weight loss goal - Prefers dieting in isolation to joining a diet group - Loses monthly menstrual periods - Develops an unusual interest in food - Develops strange

  1. Edexcel Level 3 Extended Project - Should Embyonic Stem Cell Research be applied to ...

    These can be induced to become bone, nerve, cardiac, cartilage, muscle and skin cells. Because of this, it shows much promise is the regenerative medicine field. It is currently in trials on patients with Multiple Sclerosis, Diabetes, Parkinson's and sufferers of strokes.

  2. Human Genome

    provides hope for the design of treatments based on correcting the malfunctioning gene or protein.

  1. Who Should Have Access To Genetic Testing Results? Should Genetic Testing Be Mandatory. ...

    In 1997, the daily tabloids mentioned the intention of genetic test results becoming public knowledge, for whoever needs them. The response of these newspapers was fairly mixed, the critics believed that it would be morally wrong. However, public outcry has not phased the authorities, and what appeared to be far

  2. Genome Project

    Genes carry information for making all the proteins required by all organisms. These proteins determine, among other things, how the organism looks, how well its body metabolizes food or fights infection, and sometimes even how it behaves. * DNA is made up of four similar chemicals (called bases and abbreviated A, T, C, and G)

  1. The Human Genome project.

    Laboratories in London was invited to chair. James Watson, co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, participated in this discussion and later convened another conference at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratories. "There was a convergence of people realizing what you could do with the information," says Sir Walter.

  2. Human Genome Paper

    For example, before engineered bacteria were cloned to manufacture human insulin, the main source of this hormone (used to treat diabetes) was the pancreas of cattle of pigs. Although similar to human insulin, animal insulin is not identical and some allergic reactions occured.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work