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The human Genome Project was designed to identify all the approximate 20,000-25,000 genes in human in DNA, determine the seque

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Introduction

What is the Human Genome Project? The Human Genome Project was established to identify the genes that make us who we are. It is a worldwide research effort with the goal of analyzing the structure and to identify all the approximate 20,000-25,000 genes of human DNA and determining the location of the estimated 100,000 human genes. The DNA of a set of model organisms will be studied to provide the information necessary for understanding the functioning of the human genome and improve tools for data analysis. However, there also are many ethical and moral issues, which are often overlooked by scientific researchers. The following essay will be looking at the pros and cons of the human genome project. There are many possible benefits that can be achieved from the Human Genome project such as identifying genes responsible for different diseases and mental illnesses so then they can be prevented such as schizophrenia, breast cancer, or heart disease. There are many goals for the human genome project in the future; * Molecular medicine- This is to improve diagnosis of diseases, earlier detection of genetic diseases, rational drug design, along with gene therapy and control systems for drugs. ...read more.

Middle

Understanding genomics will help us understand human evolution and the common biology we share with all of life. Comparative genomics between humans and other organisms such as mice already has led to similar genes associated with diseases and traits. Further comparative studies will help determine the yet-unknown function of thousands of other genes. * DNA forensics (identification)- Identify potential suspects whose DNA may match evidence left at crime scenes, exonerate persons wrongly accused of crimes, identify crime and catastrophe victims, match organ donors with recipients in transplant programs and establish paternity and other family relationships. Any type of organism can be identified by examination of DNA sequences unique to that species. * Agriculture, livestock breeding, and bio processing- Understanding plant and animal genomes will allow us to create stronger, more disease-resistant plants and animals --reducing the costs of agriculture and providing consumers with more nutritious, pesticide-free foods. Already growers are using bioengineered seeds to grow insect- and drought-resistant crops that require little or no pesticide. Farmers have been able to increase outputs and reduce waste because their crops and herds are healthier. ...read more.

Conclusion

* Reproductive issues including sufficient informed consent for complex procedures, also the use of genetic information in reproductive decision making, and reproductive rights. * Clinical issues including the education of doctors and other health service providers, patients, and the general public in genetic capabilities, scientific limitations, and social risks; and implementation of standards and quality-control measures in testing procedures. * Uncertainties associated with gene tests for complex conditions (e.g., heart disease) linked to multiple genes and gene-environment interactions. * Health and environmental issues concerning genetically modified foods (GM) and microbes, for example Are GM foods and other products safe to humans and the environment * Commercialization of products including property rights (patents, copyrights, and trade secrets) and accessibility of data and materials. Also the question about who will own the genes. In conclusion, the Human Genome Project has many positive aspects about it such as its help in medicine to help find genes that can cause breast cancer or heart disease however at the same time its has its disadvantages such as its social and ethical issues. In my opinion it will help people in the long run so should be continued. ...read more.

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