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The Importance of Controlling Blood Glucose

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The Importance of Controlling Blood Glucose Adrenaline known as the 'fight or flight' hormone is given off when the body receives a shock, its overall affect id to provide more glucose and more oxygen for working muscles. Adrenaline increases the concentration of glucose in the blood for respiration. However, constant high concentrations of glucose in the blood are harmful. An ideal concentration of glucose in the blood is normally maintained by two additional hormones, insulin and glucagons. These two hormones are secreted by cells in the pancreas in response to changes in the bloods glucose concentration. They affect liver, fat tissue and muscle. Insulin is released when blood sugar is too high. ...read more.


Glycogen is a polysaccharide and is insoluble. Polysaccharides are formed from many of the simplest carbohydrates called monosaccharides, they are insoluble, so they are good stores of energy and can form independent structures such as cellulose cell walls. Glucose is therefore the usable form of carbohydrate and glycogen is the storage form of carbohydrate. The way in which the blood glucose level is kept within safe limits is shown on the sheet 'Controlling Blood Sugar'. As one of the cells main sources of energy glucose must always be available to the cells for respiration, to make sure there is always enough glucose the body keeps a constant amount of glucose on the blood. ...read more.


Diabetes can be treated by a regular injection or pure insulin. Diabetes can also be caused by your diet, eating too much fat and sugar can cause diabetes. This type of diabetes can be treated by adjusting your diet and doesn't need the injection of pure insulin. A test for diabetes is clinistix which are thin strips of plastic with a small pad at the bottom. The pad contains an enzyme and a dye. If glucose is present the enzymes uses it to change the colour of the dye. A Clinistix dipped into a urine sample from a diabetic person will give a positive result within seconds. Clinistix are an excellent example of medical uses of enzymes. ...read more.

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