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The Importance of Functional Groups and Isomerism in Organic Molecules

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  • Essay length: 1336 words
  • Submitted: 13/04/2009
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AS and A Level Organic Chemistry

The first 200 words of this essay...

The Importance of Functional Groups and Isomerism in Organic Molecules

Samiya Najib

Mr. Nwosu

Introduction

Throughout this report, there will be a list of functional groups for six chosen compounds which are ethanol, propanone, ethyl ethanoate, propene, 4-aminobenzenecarboxylic acid and 4-methylbenzenecarboxylic acid. The displayed formulae will be shown for each of these compounds and how usage of these compounds related to the way they are structured. Also the chosen compounds will be linked to particular isomers and their industrial and commercial importance.

Ethanol

The molecular formula for ethanol: CH3CH2OH

The functional group of ethanol: Alcohol, this is because ethanol has a hydroxyl group -OH, which indicates it is an alcohol.

The displayed formulae for ethanol

The uses for ethanol

Ethanol is usually found as a colourless liquid, its structure enables it to perform specific and important tasks. Many of them are listed below:

* As a solvent in the production of varnishes and perfumes

* A preservative for biological specimen, for example estuarine macrobenthos

* For the preparation of flavourings and essences

* In many drugs and medicine, such as sleeping pills

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