• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The major problem that occurs with organ transplantation is the shortage of organs

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Organ Transplant Organ Transplant is a surgical process of removing or transferring an organ from the donor to the recipient. Organ Transplant is the treatment for the end stage failure of an organ (WHO). Organ Transplantation occurs when a donor agrees to donate their organs to another patient in need. Most donors are deceased but some donors are also living. Organs which can be donated include liver, kidneys, heart, lungs, pancreas and intestines (Clevland Clinic). During the transplant the organ is replaced with a healthy organ from another body. A transplant may also be needed because a person was born with an inherited disease, which causes organ failure (Transplant AU). The main problem with conducting an organ transplant is that the number of patients in need of an organ is much greater than the number of organ donors, as seen in Fig.1. Due to this reason, many patients are held in waiting for very long. During the waiting period, many patients pass away. Before a transplant occurs, a blood test must be done to match the donor and recipient?s blood (Transplant Living). However, there is always a great chance of the organ being rejected by the body. ...read more.


Most patients are expected to survive an organ transplant. There are very few cases where patients don?t survive. Organ transplantation is a very successful and safe method of treating organ failure (FAQS). However, the only problem that occurs, is organ rejection from the immune system. Scientist has also found the solution for organ rejection. Immunosuppressive drugs are the only solution that is given to patients with organ transplants. When a new organ is placed, the human?s immune system recognizes it as a foreign tissue, thus rejecting the new organ (FAQS). Therefore immunosuppressive drugs have been developed to allow the organ to function properly and suppress the immune system. Organ rejection can?t be verified before the transplant, therefore patients have to take Immunosuppressive drugs for life time, to ensure maximum survival (BIDMC). Immunosuppressive drugs have many side effects, which are harmful to the body. General side effects include increased risk of infection and tumors (British Transplant Society). This treatment of immunosuppressive drugs does ensure survival, but is not the most effective method, as long-term medications have damaging effects (BTS). The second problem that occurs with organ transplantation is the shortage of organs. ...read more.


This is not ethical as its taking advantages of peoples? needs (Yahoo News). Many refuse to donate organs, as they believe it is painful and causes further health complications. But poverty drives people?s desperation of money. This is not beneficial as the poor donate organs because they are helpless. The thought of using animal organs also raises controversies. Many believe that it is unethical to uses animals for human benefits. It is believed to be cruel and selfish to kill animals for human purpose. There would also be the risk of pandemics. Many people are also against it as animals are known for carrying many diseases and infections. It would affect the society at large if an animal organ carrying disease is transplanted, which spreads infection to others (theguradian) . It would, however save many lives, as it would combat the shortage of organs. Also many donors might suffer from complications, but if animals are used then, this wouldn?t be a concern. The use of animals may also bring up cultural or religious issues. In Islam, the belief of using God?s creations, animals, for benefit is prohibited, but in the future xenotransplantation is a likely solution for organ shortage. This may not be accepted by many other religions as well(The modern religion). Organ trafficking or Xenotransplantation may help eradicate the organ shortage, but they have raised many ethical issues. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Exchange, Transport & Reproduction section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Exchange, Transport & Reproduction essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Human Reproductive System

    4 star(s)

    Sexual intercourse also known as coitus is the insertion of the male's penis into the female's vagina for the purpose of reproduction. To engage in coitus, the erect penis is inserted into the vagina and the male and female stimulate themselves through back and forth motion until they orgasm which accompanies male ejaculation.

  2. Peer reviewed

    Effect of Caffeine on the Heart Rate of Daphnia

    3 star(s)

    Reading 1 Reading 2 Average Control (pond water of original habitat) 45 44 44.5 178 0.1 54 56 55 220 0.2 74 73 73.5 294 0.3 80 77 78.5 314 0.4 75 76 75.5 302 0.5 60 59 59.5 238 Graphs: The graph below shows the Graph of Heart Rate of Daphnia Against Concentration of Caffeine Solution.

  1. Fundamental human anatomy and physiology.

    * Every cell in our body needs oxygen, therefore the beating of the heart and the movement of our muscles is by cell division however none of these would have been possible without oxygen. * One breath is enough for oxygen to enter the body but a deeper breath is

  2. The Skeletal and Muscular System

    and are strong, quick and powerful. They do though fatigue quickly. Striated muscles consist of large number of distinct threads called myofibrils. These threads are connected by connective tissue and they have parallel banding. They are not branched and not connected to each other.

  1. Blood System Assignemnt

    The result is that your skin takes on a flushed, red appearance. If you hold your hand, for example, under hot water, your hand will quickly turn red for the same reason. Your arm, however, is not likely to change colour because it is not actually feeling an increase in temperature.

  2. Carry out research using books and ICT to produce a word processed report on ...

    Chronic failure develops slowly over many years. High blood pressure and diabetes are the common causes of chronic renal failure. End stage failure is the stage at which the kidneys function so poorly that they can no longer sustain life without medical intervention, in the form of dialysis or transplantation.

  1. Liver Transplant. This report will analyse how a liver transplant cures permanently damaged ...

    It can sustain an elevated degree of damage. However, extensive damage to the liver from infection, illness, alcohol or substance abuse, will compel it to undergo cirrhosis. This can eventually impair the liver from carrying out its functions. Figure 1 shows the comparison between a healthy liver against cirrhotic liver

  2. The problem of rising deaths due to Malaria in Mumbai, India

    The sheds have 200 beds each, and will contain 200 doctors and nurses from each hospital. Dr Sanjay Oak said "Malaria wards are full. Forget beds, there are patients on the floor. The temporary shelters will ease the situation a bit. Turning away a patient is not an option." (9)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work