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The major problem that occurs with organ transplantation is the shortage of organs

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´╗┐Organ Transplant Organ Transplant is a surgical process of removing or transferring an organ from the donor to the recipient. Organ Transplant is the treatment for the end stage failure of an organ (WHO). Organ Transplantation occurs when a donor agrees to donate their organs to another patient in need. Most donors are deceased but some donors are also living. Organs which can be donated include liver, kidneys, heart, lungs, pancreas and intestines (Clevland Clinic). During the transplant the organ is replaced with a healthy organ from another body. A transplant may also be needed because a person was born with an inherited disease, which causes organ failure (Transplant AU). The main problem with conducting an organ transplant is that the number of patients in need of an organ is much greater than the number of organ donors, as seen in Fig.1. Due to this reason, many patients are held in waiting for very long. During the waiting period, many patients pass away. Before a transplant occurs, a blood test must be done to match the donor and recipient?s blood (Transplant Living). However, there is always a great chance of the organ being rejected by the body. ...read more.


Most patients are expected to survive an organ transplant. There are very few cases where patients don?t survive. Organ transplantation is a very successful and safe method of treating organ failure (FAQS). However, the only problem that occurs, is organ rejection from the immune system. Scientist has also found the solution for organ rejection. Immunosuppressive drugs are the only solution that is given to patients with organ transplants. When a new organ is placed, the human?s immune system recognizes it as a foreign tissue, thus rejecting the new organ (FAQS). Therefore immunosuppressive drugs have been developed to allow the organ to function properly and suppress the immune system. Organ rejection can?t be verified before the transplant, therefore patients have to take Immunosuppressive drugs for life time, to ensure maximum survival (BIDMC). Immunosuppressive drugs have many side effects, which are harmful to the body. General side effects include increased risk of infection and tumors (British Transplant Society). This treatment of immunosuppressive drugs does ensure survival, but is not the most effective method, as long-term medications have damaging effects (BTS). The second problem that occurs with organ transplantation is the shortage of organs. ...read more.


This is not ethical as its taking advantages of peoples? needs (Yahoo News). Many refuse to donate organs, as they believe it is painful and causes further health complications. But poverty drives people?s desperation of money. This is not beneficial as the poor donate organs because they are helpless. The thought of using animal organs also raises controversies. Many believe that it is unethical to uses animals for human benefits. It is believed to be cruel and selfish to kill animals for human purpose. There would also be the risk of pandemics. Many people are also against it as animals are known for carrying many diseases and infections. It would affect the society at large if an animal organ carrying disease is transplanted, which spreads infection to others (theguradian) . It would, however save many lives, as it would combat the shortage of organs. Also many donors might suffer from complications, but if animals are used then, this wouldn?t be a concern. The use of animals may also bring up cultural or religious issues. In Islam, the belief of using God?s creations, animals, for benefit is prohibited, but in the future xenotransplantation is a likely solution for organ shortage. This may not be accepted by many other religions as well(The modern religion). Organ trafficking or Xenotransplantation may help eradicate the organ shortage, but they have raised many ethical issues. ...read more.

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