• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"The moral, ethical and legal issues surrounding Genetic Engineering"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"The moral, ethical and legal issues surrounding Genetic Engineering" Genetic engineering (GE) is the artificial alteration of the genetic code. It is a laboratory technique used by scientists. With natural breeding, genes are passed down generations, but with new technology scientists are able to identify an individual gene, and insert it into another organism, which will then carry the characteristic of that gene. Human control over genes is not new it has been done for centuries, such as plant cross breeding. When taking genes from one species to another is known as transgenic. Transgenic manipulation is new to the world and people have subjective and objective views on them. Scientists say GE may bring large advantages to humans and the way they live. Critics argue that genetic engineering can destroy and risk the pure and natural human being. There are number of advantages and disadvantages in genetic engineering but disaster can be avoided if great care and consequences are detected. All religious groups may argue that GE is unnatural, and the scientists are 'playing God'. ...read more.

Middle

This is what is happening now, if GE is stopped, the world will be limited food supply and therefore hunger. Therefore food will be much more expensive and poor would not be able to afford it. Crops can have longer shelf lives than conventional crops, therefore benefit to shoppers and sellers. E.g. tomatoes, scientists can stop enzymes by changing their structure therefore enzyme stops working so it doesn't make the tomato getting old. On the other hand if enzymes (that stops ageing of tomato) stop working they will still be left in the tomato and when we eat they will be in our body and can damage or destroy our cells. (Ref: 3) Using modern biotechnology scientists have already produced food which affect humans indirectly. Food with improved flavour, food that is better for health and food with better qualities. Examples of these are apples and sweet corns that are insect resistant, frost resistant strawberries and production of seedless grapes (terminator genes). (Ref: 6) This might sound good but without seeds they will then not grow this means that scientist would then need to keep on cloning to produce the seedless grapes. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Ref: 2) There are more serious issues about GE which include genetic warfare of ethno-bombs. This can be used to finish off the enemies of particular human race at a particular place. Scientist can control a bomb that can kill people with particular genes. This can kill innocent people. This is an example of how human technology can lead to violent and danger. This relates to all ethical, social and environmental issues. Genetic warfare is immoral all the society are against it because it can destroy humans, crops/food therefore food will be hard to grow, it can destroy the o-zone layer and it can destroy trees therefore less oxygen available in air. From the evidence I have gained, I can see that the problems form a strong argument against it. In theory, GE seems like progression in the right direction, however, there are many disadvantages. A large area of concern is the ethics of GE. People may disagree with it because it is unnatural. However, I do think that it is acceptable to a certain extent, such as cloning an organ for curing or saving a life, but not cloning an entire person. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    MENTAL HEALTH

    4 star(s)

    - Self Advocacy. Become an effective advocate for yourself so you can get the services and treatment you need, and make the life you want for yourself. - Education. Learn all you can about your illness. This allows you to make informed decisions about all aspects of your life and treatment.

  2. Recombinant DNA, genetically engineered DNA prepared in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and ...

    After the brain-body ratio reached its modern proportions, relative brain size stabilized in all human populations and has remained the same ever since. It is clear that major behavioral changes are indicated by the archaeological record. For the first time, there is evidence for regional differentiation in the style of making stone tools.

  1. Cell Theory - Discuss the theory that living organisms are composed of cells.

    Ventilation system: * allows gaseous exchange * releases unneeded CO2 * takes in needed O2 5.5.4 Draw a diagram of the ventilation system including trachea, bronchi, bronchioles and lungs. SEPARATE PAPER 5.5.5 Explain the mechanism of ventilation in human lungs including the action of the internal and external intercostals muscles, the diaphragm and the abdominal muscles.

  2. Investigating what effect varying the concentration of copper sulphate has on the enzyme Catalase ...

    sure the amount of potato I use for each experiment is the same, the ph will be kept the same due to the conditions for the experiment being the same throughout, I could also use universal indicator to make sure they are the same and finally and the volume of

  1. Free essay

    Outline the impact on the evolution of plants and animals of: ...

    new disease) Artificial Pollination: * Plant breeders carry out artificial pollination to breed plants with specific characteristics (like Mendel did). * Pollen from the male anther is collected. It is then dusted onto the female stigma of another plant. The pollinated flower is covered to prevent pollination from other flowers

  2. Genetic Engineering.

    As more and more genetic information is being stored in computer banks, the likelihood that unauthorised individuals will gain access to this data will increase, which again invades individuals privacy. (Brian Tokar 2001) Yet there is also the point that many crimes have been solved thanks to the help of genetic fingerprinting.

  1. Evaluate the pros and cons of genetic engineering, artificial selection and cloning.

    The second process is gene cloning (see below for more information on cloning).This is because during DNA extraction, all of the DNA from the cell is extracted at once. Therefore gene cloning is used to separate the single gene of interest from all the other genes, and then it is copied many times.

  2. gm food

    Genetic modification in simple words is to alter the DNA of organisms, either by altering an existing DNA or by transferring DNA from one organism to another. In brief description, chromosomes are found inside the nucleus of a cell, of which the chromosomes are made of a chemical called DNA,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work