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the role of pathology service

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WALEED RAHMATI The role of the Pathology Service The Pathology Service is crucial. It provides diagnostic services to family doctors and hospitals department. It is varied discipline, ranging from the study of biochemicals, body tissues and bodily fluids to microbes and antibiotics. The media has given the subject a high profile, which reflects increasing public interest in the area of Pathology within forensics and criminology. I will study: * The role of the Biochemistry, Haematology, Microbiology, Pathology departments and type of tests undertaken in each department. * The stages involved in the processing of specimens and the importance of Health and Safety principles. * The knowledge and skills required by people working in the Biochemistry and Microbiology departments. * And how to conduct a Microbiological analysis and either a Chromatographic or Electrophoresis analysis. My Report will include: * The role of the Biochemistry Department * The types of specimens tested * The nature of the work undertaken in the department, including the common types of tests performed * For example testing for sugars in blood and urine * And estimating blood cholesterol * The principles involved in the use of either thin layer Chromatography or Electrophoresis analysis The role of the Biochemistry Department Introduction The role of the Biochemistry department is to provide analytical chemical tests which help in the diagnosis in patients, and where appropriate to act as an advisory service to support treatment of patients. It undertakes the measurement of significant biological chemicals in the body. The sugar analysis in diabetes, cholesterol and amino acids detection are examples of its work. The main role of the Biochemistry department is the analysis of the biochemicals, for example, hormones, minerals, vitamins, metabolites and enzymes. Some are the common hormones which are diagnose are e.g. growth hormones, thyroxine. * Minerals, e.g. iron or calcium. * Vitamins, e.g. B, C, D and E. * Metabolites, e.g. ...read more.

Middle

Staff information should also be checked for accuracy on a regular basis - either by the manager or by the HR/Personnel department. Principle 4 Personal data shall be accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date. Users of software will be responsible for the quality (i.e. Accuracy, Timeliness, and Completeness) of their data by carrying out their own quality assurance and participating as required in quality assurance processes. Principle 5 Personal data processed for any purpose or purposes shall not be kept for longer than is necessary for that purpose or those purposes. Further details of how this affects South West Dorset Primary Care Trust, and actions required complying with it, are detailed in the Retention of records policy. Principle 6 Personal data shall be processed in accordance with the rights of data subjects under this Act. Principle 7 Appropriate technical and organisational measures shall be taken against unauthorised or unlawful processing of personal data and against accidental loss or destruction of, or damage to, personal data. Principle 8 Personal data shall be transferred to a country or territory outside the European Economic Area unless that country or territory ensures an adequate level of protection for the rights and freedoms of data subjects in relation to the processing of personal data. Knowledge and skills of those working in the Biochemistry Department Modern biochemistry grew out of the application of chemical techniques to biological problems. In many ways it combines biology and chemistry, but the subject now covers such a wide range that it is difficult to draw a neat border around biochemistry, which provides the foundations of pathology, pharmacology, physiology, genetics, zoology, botany, and even surgery and anatomy. The essential feature is that biochemistry uses molecular methods to explain biological processes, while other biological scientists study the integrated function of organs, organisms, and the complexes of organisms represented by ecosystems. It also involves some Physics; to understand some of the techniques they use e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

* is properly assessed before use to ensure it is suitable; * is maintained and stored properly; * is provided with instructions on how to use it safely; and * is used correctly by employees. H The hazards and types of PPE Eyes Hazards: chemical or metal splash, dust, projectiles, gas and vapour, radiation. Options: safety spectacles, goggles, faceshields, visors. Head Hazards: impact from falling or flying objects, risk of head bumping, hair entanglement. Options: a range of helmets and bump caps. Breathing Hazards: dust, vapour, gas, oxygen-deficient atmospheres. Options: disposable filtering face piece or respirator, half- or full-face respirators, air-fed helmets, breathing apparatus. Protecting the body Hazards: temperature extremes, adverse weather, chemical or metal splash, spray from pressure leaks or spray guns, impact or penetration, contaminated dust, excessive wear or entanglement of own clothing. Options: conventional or disposable overalls, boiler suits, specialist protective clothing, e.g. chain-mail aprons, high-visibility clothing. Safety Training * Make sure anyone using PPE is aware of why it is needed, when it is to be used, repaired or replaced and its limitations. * Train and instruct people how to use it properly and make sure they are doing this. * Because PPE is the last resort after other methods of protection have been considered, it is important that users wear it all the time they are exposed to the risk. Never allow exemptions for those jobs which take 'just a few minutes'. * Check regularly that PPE is being used and investigate fully any reasons why it is not. Safety signs can be useful reminders to wear PPE. Maintenance Make sure equipment is: * well looked after and properly stored when it is not being used, for example in a dry, clean cupboard, or in the case of smaller items, such as eye protection, in a box or case; * Kept clean and in good repair - follow the manufacturer's maintenance schedule (including recommended replacement periods and shelf lives). Simple maintenance can be carried out by the trained wearer, but more intricate repairs should only be done by specialists. Make sure suitable replacement PPE is always readily available. ...read more.

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