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The use of Recombinant DNA Technology can only Benefit Humans

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Introduction

The use of Recombinant DNA Technology can only Benefit Humans. The term gene technology refers to the process and techniques by which genes may be extracted from the DNA of one organism and inserted into the DNA of another organism, the host organism. In this way, the gene set of the host can be transformed, genetically modified. The modified DNA is called recombinant DNA because it has been re-combined to make a different set of codes. Recombinant DNA procedures involve splicing one piece of DNA into another. The newly formed composite is often grown up in a large amounts (or cloned in bacteria. Recombinant DNA and genetic technology are defined as Biotechnology, which is the use of a living organism to make a product or run a process. Recombinant DNA technology was first used commercially to produce human insulin from bacteria. In 1982, genetically engineered insulin was approved for use by diabetics. ...read more.

Middle

* Children with cystic fibrosis can enjoy some relief from the mucus build-up in their lungs by breathing in a mucus-breaking drug made with recombinant DNA technology. The drug contains a protein that chews up the DNA so the mucus is easier to remove from the lungs by coughing. * An experimental approach to curing cystic fibrosis uses a genetically engineered cold virus that delivers to the patient's lung cells a working version of the defective gene. The new gene enables lung cells to make the protein that is lacking in cystic fibrosis patients. The effects of any new technology introduced on the scale anticipated for biotechnology extend beyond the factories and research centres influencing our everyday lives. Biotechnology has, for example, made it possible to detect, and in some cases treat, diseases such as sickle-cell anaemia, diabetes and cystic fibrosis. Following initial concerns that genetic engineering could give rise to infections organisms, the spread of which would be difficult to contain. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lawyers and the public at large will be required to face up to these similar questions as the biosciences, and biotechnology in particular, move forward. Some critics suggest that the ability to diagnose a genetic disorder before any treatment is available does more harm than good because it creates anxiety and frustration. Indeed, geneticists have isolated several disease-causing gene mutation in the beta-globin gene that results in sickle cell disease was identified in 1956, but there is no treatment as yet. Scientists eventually may develop successful therapies, but until they do, this criticism is significant. The moral question then arises as to who has access to this information and how this will affect the individual's quality of life. The benefits include solving world food shortages, and improvements in medicine, agriculture and veterinary sciences. Because the prospect of serious biohazards appears to be receding, it does not mean that strict regulation of the new technology should be relaxed. Provided such vigilance is maintained, mankind can look forward to a wide range of exciting prospects that stem from biotechnology. ...read more.

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