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The Uses of Enzymes in Industry

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Introduction

The Uses of Enzymes in Industry An enzyme is a biological catalyst produced in cells and is capable of speeding up chemical reactions. They are large complex proteins and are highly specific. Natural enzymes have long been used by a few industries, such as the leather industry and some areas of the food industry, but technological advances like genetic engineering have made it possible to produce a much wider range of enzymes in industrial amounts. Biotechnologists are constantly seeking ways in which to expand this resource and also to develop semi-synthetic enzymes for highly specific tasks. The enzymes used are all produced using species of Bacillus. There are various uses of enzymes in industry. These include Agriculture, Baking, Brewing, Chemicals Manufacturing, Dairy, Detergents/Cleaners, Food and animal feed, Leather and fur goods, Pulp and Paper, Textiles, Water Treatment. I will now be specifically talking about some of the uses of enzymes in these different industries. Enzymes have many applications in modern food processing. Enzymes are rapidly becoming very important to the Baking Industry. ...read more.

Middle

In general, enzyme detergents remove protein from clothes soiled with blood, milk, sweat, grass, etc. far more effectively than non-enzyme detergents. However, using modern bleaching and brightening agents, the difference between looking clean and being clean may be difficult to discern. At present only proteases and amylases are commonly used. Although a wide range of lipases is known, it is only very recently that lipases suitable for use in detergent preparations have been described. In today's world it is seen fashionable to wear denim garments. And today, simple variations in the enzymatic wash cycle make a wide range of denim looks possible. Specialty Enzymes and Biochemical's has enzyme blends that make desizing, fading and bio polishing in denim processing more efficient. Specialty Enzymes' a variety of desizing agents are effective for use in the first step of desizing. Washing involves two enzymatic wash cycles. The size (normally starch based) needs to be removed to allow the action of the fading enzyme in the first step of desizing. The look of a garment depends entirely on the enzyme-based formulations used for fading (Faders). ...read more.

Conclusion

I conclude that enzymes are of great use to the large area of industry. They are of great use because they allow certain processes within many industries to be carried out more rapidly and more effectively resulting in them being of great use financially as this largely reduces overall costs of the company. Therefore I finally conclude that enzymes are of great use in modern society where the consumer demands are higher. These consumer demands are met only by the use of enzymes as without them certain processes would not be possible for example the wide and different designs of denim. Although here what we see is only one side of the argument. My personal view on the use of enzymes in industry is that now these processes can be carried out faster and more cost effectively it is highly likely that this is going to result in an increase in loss of jobs which is not a good thing in modern society. Another disadvantage of the use of enzymes is when we look at the ethical effect in that from the uses of enzymes in these products the consumer may suffer from some kind of health problem. Asim Bhatti, 12D - 1 - Biology Essay ...read more.

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