• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To find out how different masses affect the period of one oscillation of a spring.

Extracts from this document...



AIM: To find out how different masses affect the period of one oscillation of a spring.



A spring is elastic, therefore has elastic properties and this is why it oscillates. The spring can harness elastic energy in its coils as it is pulled down. When masses are hung from the spring, it gains gravitational potential energy that causes a resultant force and the spring as a result is pulled down. It also gains some kinetic energy along with the elastic energy. Then, the forces balance out and there is no movement. At this point energy is converted to elastic and the spring pulls back up again. As it goes up, the shape restores and gains gravitational potential energy again. At the top, the forces balance, then is converted back into gravitational potential energy, and again, a resultant force is created that pulls the spring down.

In this experiment, what I am planning to do is to find out how different masses affect the period of one oscillation of a spring.

...read more.


The length that the spring is pulled down to doesn’t affect the experiment. So it doesn’t matter for how long I pull the spring down. I know this as I tested this in the preliminary experiment that I did. I proved that the amplitude doesn’t affect the period.


Amplitude cm


...read more.


Springs are used in spring balances for weighing and for the storage of mechanical energy, as in watch and clock springs or door-closing springs. Springs are also used to absorb impact and to reduce vibration, as in coil or leaf springs used for motor car suspensions. The specific form of a spring depends on its use. In a spring balance, for example, it is normally wound as a helix, and its elongation is proportional to the applied force, so that the spring can be calibrated to measure this force.

I predict that as the mass increases the time taken to complete one oscillation will also increase. The more mass, the more gravitational potential energy it will have, so the further it will be pulled down, so therefore the period should be bigger because the spring pulls down to a further distance. I also predict that the time of one oscillation will be somehow related to the amount of mass applied to the spring and springs elastic constant. I did some research and found out that it is claimed in nearly every textbook that the period may be found from the relation:



...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Waves & Cosmology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Waves & Cosmology essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Black Holes Research and Report

    4 star(s)

    It occurs when the object, say a black hole comes in between the observer and a very bright light source such as a quasar. A quasar is a light source, such as an active core of a distant galaxy, which sends out radio waves and other forms of energy.

  2. The aim of this investigation is to examine the effect on the spring constant ...

    the formula: m = y2 - y1 x2 - x1 As the line for which the gradient is being found is a line of best fit, individual points do not nessicarily lie exactly on the line, in order to increase accuracy therefor, I have decided to find the mean value

  1. What factors affect the period of a Baby Bouncer?

    In addition, the joint (limb) kinematics and muscle activation patterns produced by infants who have developed differing bouncing skill levels will have impact on the oscillation characteristics of the system. The relationship between several components of bouncing could be determined (in order to investigate the difference between a "skilled" and a "less-skilled" infant in terms of bouncing ability).

  2. Investigating the Vertical Oscillations of a Loaded Spring.

    This is called the elastic limit, where the spring's strength doesn't seem to follow its graph's trend. Hooke's law will relate to the extension, which is proportional to the load. Also the mass of the weight is inversely proportional to the frequency.

  1. Dark Matter

    This implies that the closer a planet is to the sun, the faster it moves compared to those planets that are farther from the sun. Kepler also discovered that for each planet, the time needed to complete an orbit multiplied by itself is proportional to the length of its average distance from the sun multiplied by twice itself.

  2. Physics Coursework - Spring Investifation

    I will carry out the experiment three times for the light gate, and another three times for the computer simulation. From these results I will find the average time for both methods. I will increase the compression of the spring by two centimeters each time, starting at two and going on to fourteen centimeters.

  1. The Anglers Problem

    I will use this to create a formation that will use the positive aspects of both, without the negative aspects thus creating the best device. Rubber bands are polymers. For such a versatile material, it has a very simple structure.

  2. Waves and Cosmology - AQA GCE Physics Revision Notes

    more matter then antimatter, because if there were equal amounts of both, they would?ve annihilated each other. * There are 3 possible future of the universe depending on the density of the universe (density of dark matter?) - can be defined in terms of the density parameter, ?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work