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# To get any object to move in a circle you have to apply a force to it

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Centripetal force of a rubber bung

Aim :

To get any object to move in a circle you have to apply a force to it.

Methods :

With your experiment you don't mention anything about controlling or measuring the force. All you have measured is the (average) period of the object moving in a circle. From this you can calculate the average speed and acceleration.

To turn this into an investigation you would need to measure the force pulling the bung into the circular path. i.e. the tension in the string.

At the moment, if you put more effort in the bung will go

Middle

Results:

There is a fairly simple formula for cicular motion.

F = (m X v2) / r

F = force (Newton)
m = mass of bung (kg)
v = speed of bung (m/s)
r = radius of circle (m)

You must make sure you use the correct units (m not cm, kg not g) to get the formula to work correctly.

The Force is constant: 90 gram = 0.9 Newton approximately.

The mass of the bung is also constant.

Conclusion

it is a straight line which means the graph and the results are correct and they are ok and you will be able to use these for a future reference when explaining the stuff in the anlysis.

Another method I've seen used is to have the string pass through a tube. On the bottom end of the string you attach a weight. You twirl the bung around above your head whilst holding the tube until the forces are balanced. If you spin it too slowly the weight drops down, if you go too fast it rises up. You need to adjust the speed of spinning until the weight balances at the correct point.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Mechanics & Radioactivity section.

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