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To investigate the effect of current on the strength of an electromagnet field.

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  • Essay length: 2719 words
  • Submitted: 04/11/2003
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AS and A Level Fields & Forces

The first 200 words of this essay...

Physics Sc1

Planning

Aim

To investigate the effect of current on the strength of an electromagnet field.

Previous Scientific Knowledge.

The passage of an electric current along a wire creates a magnetic field around the wire. The fields are in the shape of a series of concentric rings. The more coils used in the electromagnet, the stronger the magnet is. If there is one coil, and another is added, then the two coils have twice the strength of one. This is because the current going through the wire makes the soft-iron core is the factor that induces electromagnetism, as so when there is more current, there will be more wire or or a more magnetised core.

Magnets were formed when certain molten metals, (iron, nickel and cobalt,) cool . Normally when the atoms in a non magnetic crystallise, the atoms point in random directions. But because of the properties of the metals mentioned, these atoms line up into parts of the magnetic with similar directions called domains. This is because the earth has a magnetic field, and the atoms in the metal all follow these magnetic lines and form these domains.

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