• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Too Much Information: Genetic Testing

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Too Much Information: Genetic Testing Biology OAC ISP Essay - By Daniel Perez Genetic testing offers a whole new world of information about us and how our bodies work. The data we get from delving into our own genetic code can help us to cure or even prevent disease, stop medical conditions such as cancer or cystic fibrosis from even manifesting, or even correct these sorts of errors before birth, and many other beneficial uses. However, at this point in time, all of this is beyond us. We have no miracle cures, no 'magic bullet' with which to fight disease or genetic conditions, in fact, our understanding of the genetic code is so limited that it's as if we cannot see the forest for the trees. We have taken our first baby steps into understanding human genetics with the completion of the Human Genome Project, and now that we have the big picture, we can begin to interpret it. Through information gleaned from our DNA, we now know that there are certain medical conditions that are caused by certain patterns within the genes. ...read more.

Middle

Having this information about your future is also something some people may not want to have, because of the obvious discomfort of knowing that something bad will happen to you, but not knowing when or where. Aside from the personal aspects of facing such a fate, there are also other implications from being diagnosed with a medical condition through genetic testing. Although some gene patterns actually indicate a condition, some merely show a tendency or an increased chance for that person to get the disease, but nothing definite. Some insurance companies have already denied coverage or even cancelled the policies of people who have had genetic tests done and found that they were predisposed to some condition. Obviously, this is not the purpose that the tests were developed, and if the person had not had this test performed, they would still have insurance, thus raising ethical questions about who can access this data, and how to prevent insurance companies from using this type of medical data, should they obtain it, to deny coverage from people who are healthy but may develop something in the future. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand, if parents are permitted to abort and kill the babies because of genetic imperfection, this opens a door to a whole new world of problems. Parents who chose this option would be participating in positive eugenics, the active removal of 'inferior' genes from the gene pool, i.e. aborting children with genetic problems. If the idea of aborting 'defective' children were to spread to other parts of the world, like those where a child who is born with a vagina instead of a penis is considered to be 'defective', what then? Who would decide the limits of when a child should and should not be aborted? These are all questions that will be answered in time, as the ethics of these situations slowly catch up with the science. All in all, the world of genetic testing is still new, the uses and misuses are still wide open to discussion and the technology continues to advance almost daily. The ethical, moral and legal dilemmas created by these techniques are sure to be a debated subject for some time to come, and as to whether or not people should be genetically tested pre-emptively, that is for them to decide. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

5 star(s)

This is a well-executed essay. It is focused throughout on the comparisons between the poems and how Agard challenges values and ways of thinking. The focus on language is sustained and points are developed.
The style in which the essay is written is also very good, with few lapses in clarity of expression.
Comments about structure and specific literary techniques should only be made when specific links can be made, avoid feature spotting for the sake of it. In this essay the student is mostly successful in making points about structure.

Five Stars

Marked by teacher Melissa Thompson 09/04/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Genetics, Evolution & Biodiversity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Should Gene therapy be allowed to prevent cystic fibrosis?

    3 star(s)

    The above graph (figure 3) shows the quantities of viral vectors needed to satisfy the demands of gene therapy. The figures above are likely to increase dramatically due to the number of patients who will be benefiting from treatment based on gene therapy increases.

  2. Edexcel Level 3 Extended Project - Should Embyonic Stem Cell Research be applied to ...

    His personal beliefs were that of pro-life, and religiously supported the 'sanctity f life'. Because of this, it can be argued that Bush vetoed the bill simply for personal beliefs, since both House and Senate supported the bill by a wide majority and most of the public was also in support.

  1. Parkinsons Disease

    * Difficulty with writing (handwriting tends to become smaller), balance and posture and swallowing. * Speech may become slow and monotonous. * Tiredness aches and pains. As PD gets really bad, symptoms such as the following might develop, dependant on the individual: * Constipation- ''PD prevents the proper transmission of

  2. Phylogenetic tree - in 1866, Ernst Haeckel introduced the phylogenetic tree, or the tree ...

    had not evolved over time, or may be, if they had evolved, their changing was too small to observation clearly. Image from: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/nature-online/species-of-the-day/evolution/ginkgo-gardneri/index.html Image from: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2010/09/oxygen-and-evolution/ From all above information, we can conclude that the tree of life seems to be not existed.

  1. Gregor Mendel and his work

    By observing the number and types of phenotypes in the offspring plants, Mendel created the rules of inheritance known as Mendels law. In his first law he said that each character of a diploid organism is controlled by a pair of alleles, and from this pair of alleles only one can be represented in a gamete.

  2. The Human Genome Project: The Debate

    This means that the world's poorest people will continue to be vulnerable to infectious diseases. This is a big disadvantage of genetic testing. Another increasing worry among the public is to do with the access to the databases of which the information will be stored.

  1. The Production of Vaccines using Genetic Engineering.

    As far as any future for genetically engineered vaccines goes, there are always going to be controversies and arguments for and against their uses and liability. Firstly, one of the main controversies within society is the fact that any new advances found in research may be skewed to interests of the richer countries in the world.

  2. Extended essay on “GM Crops”

    Biotechnology companies wrongly claim that their manipulations are similar to those of traditional breeding techniques. However, the cross-species transfers being made, such as between fish and tomatoes and even other unrelated species, would not happen in nature and these create new toxins which in turn will create diseases.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work